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Arizona State University (2011)

Comparison of Soil and Vegetation Properties Using Salt Extractor and Conventional Soil Amendments From Irrigation With Coal Bed Natural Gas Product Water

Adams, Shelly

Titre : Comparison of Soil and Vegetation Properties Using Salt Extractor and Conventional Soil Amendments From Irrigation With Coal Bed Natural Gas Product Water

Auteur : Adams, Shelly

Université de soutenance : Arizona State University

Grade : Master of Science M.S. Biology 2011

Résumé
Coal bed natural gas (CBNG) production has become a significant contribution to the nation’s energy supply. Large volumes of water are generated as a byproduct of CBNG extraction, of which this "product water" is relatively high in sodium. High sodicity reduces water quality and limits environmentally compliant disposal options for producers. Crop irrigation with CBNG product water complies with state and federal laws and is a disposal method that also provides a beneficial use to private landowners. However, this disposal method typically requires gypsum and sulfur soil amendments due to the high levels of sodium in the water, which can reduce soil infiltration and hydraulic conductivity. In this study, I tested a new product called Salt Extractor that was marketed to CBNG producers to ameliorate the negative effects of high sodicity. The experiment was conducted in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming. I used a random block design to compare the soil and vegetation properties of plots following application with CBNG product water and treatments of either Salt Extractor, gypsum and sulfur (conventional), or no treatment (control). Data was analyzed by comparing the amount of change between treatments after watering. Results demonstrated the known ability of gypsum and sulfur to lower the relative sodicity of the soil. Plots treated with Salt Extractor, however, did not improve relative levels of sodicity and exhibited no favorable benefits to vegetation

Mots Clés : Agronomy / Biology / Salt Extractor / Sodicity

Présentation (ASU)

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Page publiée le 9 novembre 2012, mise à jour le 14 décembre 2017