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Texas A&M University (2011)

Integrated Analysis of Phenology, Traits, and QTL in the Drought Tolerant Sorghum Genotypes BTx642 and RTx7000

Weers, Brock

Titre : Integrated Analysis of Phenology, Traits, and QTL in the Drought Tolerant Sorghum Genotypes BTx642 and RTx7000

Auteur : Weers, Brock

Université de soutenance : Texas A&M University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2011

Résumé
The growth and development of two sorghum drought tolerant genotypes BTx642 (post-flowering drought tolerant, “stay green”) and RTx7000 (pre-flowering drought tolerant) were characterized and compared. Differences in phenology and the growth and development of leaves and stalks were identified that could contribute to variation in shoot biomass, grain yield and response to water deficit. An F12 recombinant inbred line (RIL) population derived from the two parents was genotyped using the Illumina Genome Analyzer II platform and the information used to generate a genetic map useful for analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTL). Seventy-two different traits were measured in the RIL population at anthesis and at grain maturity. Plants were grown in well-watered environments in greenhouse conditions and in field conditions near College Station, TX in 2008-2010. QTL mapping was used to analyze the genetic basis of trait variation in the population and to detect associations between traits. A total of 477 QTL were identified that in combination modulate leaf size (length, width, and area), shoot biomass accumulation (shoot, stalk, stem, leaf, and leaf sheath), panicle weight, root size and architecture (length, surface area, and volume, number of tips, forks and nodal roots, and root biomass), stalk and stem length, and flowering time. Six flowering time QTL were identified and variation in time to anthesis affected the expression of several other traits including leaf size and biomass accumulation. However, QTL infrequently had an impact on traits associated with different organs. The specificity observed is consistent with independent genetic control of traits associated with leaves, stems and roots. Nine QTL that modulated shoot biomass accumulation were detected that were not affected by flowering time. Of these, four shoot biomass QTL co-localized with leaf size traits. Eight QTL for panicle biomass were detected with two coincident with QTL for upper leaf size. A QTL for leaf width at anthesis was found to co-localize with a stay green locus.

Mots Clés : sorghum drought tolerance — BTx642 — RTx7000 — sorghum QTL analysis under well-watered conditions — sorghum root QTL

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