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Curtin University (2011)

A test of landscape function theory in the semi-arid shrublands of Western Australia

Alchin, Mark David

Titre : A test of landscape function theory in the semi-arid shrublands of Western Australia

Auteur : Alchin, Mark David

Université de soutenance : Curtin University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2011

Mots Clés : landscape function theory — semi-arid shrublands — Western Australia — rangeland environments

Description
Australia’s rangelands encompass approximately 80% of the continent and generate significant wealth through a range of industries. The rangelands comprise four major ecosystem types, these are : grasslands, shrublands, woodlands and savanna. The ecological legacy of early pastoral development in most of Australia‟s semi-arid shrublands is largely one of degradation and desertification (Wilcox and McKinnon, 1974 ; Curry et al. 1994 ; McKeon et al. 2004 ; Mabbutt et al. 1963 ; Pringle and Tinley, 2001). Since the 1980‟s, there has been a slow and general shift by the pastoral industry towards sustainable stocking rates (Watson et al. 2007 ; Pringle and Tinley, 2001). To implement grazing systems that better align stocking rates with carrying capacity in the semi-arid shrublands, pastoralists require a much more advanced understanding of patch patterning and ecological processes at a paddock scale. This understanding of theory could improve the management decisions made by pastoralists and other land managers (e.g. mining environmental officers, carbon offset developers, conservation park rangers, Indigenous communities) and assist them in their immediate challenge of cost-effective rehabilitation of degraded areas. Landscape function theory was largely developed for this purpose. Landscape function theory was developed as a way to assess and interpret patch patterns and ecological processes that occur at a range of spatial scales (Ludwig et al. 1997). Landscape function theory is used to explain the concept of „functional heterogeneity‟ which is an information-rich phenomenon that has enabled the development of cross-scale metrics. Landscape function theory is based on four primary principles, these are : 1. Patchiness can be characterised by patch size, orientation, spacing and soil surface condition. 2. Natural landscapes have a characteristic spatial self-organisation, often expressed as patchiness. 3. Deviations from the „characteristics‟ or „natural‟ patchiness are seen as degrees of dysfunctionality and there is a long continuum from highly functional to highly dysfunctional patches. 4. Restoration or replacement of missing or ineffective processes in the landscape will improve soil surface conditions and soil habitat quality.

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