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Michigan State University (2004)

Assessing the economic benefits of transgenic cotton in Mozambique : Ex-ante analysis

Pitoro, Raul Oscar

Titre : Assessing the economic benefits of transgenic cotton in Mozambique : Ex-ante analysis

Auteur : Pitoro, Raul Oscar

Université de soutenance : Michigan State University (MSU)

Grade : Master of Science 2004

Résumé
This study analyzes the potential economic impacts from adopting Bt cotton in Mozambique more specifically, (1) the benefits to farmers, (2) the benefits to the society. In history of Mozambican agriculture, this study is the first attempt to evaluate the potential economic benefits from adopting Bt cotton, expected to provide insights for decision making related to Bt cotton in Mozambique and in other countries with smallholder production of cotton that are likely to consider the adoption of Bt cotton in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study concludes that under current practices, specially regarding to lower insecticide applications, Bt cotton is not expected to generate additional income to farmer but it is expected to do so for the society. However, it can be attractive to farmers if its yield increases by 6%, about 40 Kg/ha over the actual conventional cotton yield level. Alternatively, the Bt seed price would have to decrease by 17% to $13.78/ha. Moreover, if farmers were to pay full cost of pesticides, and get paid export parity price for cotton, they could pay full cost of Bt seed and earn more profit with Bt cotton than with conventional cotton. Finally, more focused research is still needed to fully assess the economic, environmental, and social benefits and risks of Bt cotton.

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Page publiée le 15 avril 2013, mise à jour le 12 octobre 2019