Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Etats Unis → 2009 → TRIPLE HURDLE MODEL OF SMALLHOLDER PRODUCTION ANDMARKET PARTICIPATION IN KENYA’S DAIRY SECTOR

Michigan State University (2009)

TRIPLE HURDLE MODEL OF SMALLHOLDER PRODUCTION ANDMARKET PARTICIPATION IN KENYA’S DAIRY SECTOR

Burke, William

Titre : TRIPLE HURDLE MODEL OF SMALLHOLDER PRODUCTION AND MARKET PARTICIPATION IN KENYA’S DAIRY SECTOR

Auteur : Burke, William

Université de soutenance : Michigan State University(MSU)

Grade : Master of Science 2009

Résumé
In Kenya, strong demand and the fact that most of the nation’s 3 million dairy cattle are in the hands of smallholders provides a tremendous opportunity for households to participate in the dairy market and increase rural incomes. Unfortunately, recent output has not kept pace with increasing demand, suggesting that barriers prevent rural farmers from tapping dairy’s underexploited potential. Using 11-year panel data from 1275 smallholders, this study develops a model to determine the factors enabling smallholder participation in Kenya’s dairy market, and uses the findings to identify strategies to improve dairy productivity and promote successful smallholder commercialization. Traditional double-hurdle market participation models are not adequate for addressing these objectives, primarily because they require the implicit assumption that all farmers are producers, whereas roughly 1/3 of rural Kenyan households do not produce milk in a given year. This study thus develops a “triple-hurdle” model, which allows for both nonproducers and autarkic producers. Results suggest a bi-modal policy response to enable producers as well as the formal and informal purchasing enterprises to which they sell. Technical education, improved technologies, electrification, and access to credit are important to provide an enabling environment for producers. Along with the recent initiative to revive the parastatal dairy purchaser, evidence indicates that a more stable policy environment for small-scale traders, who are largely tolerated although currently operating illegally, would promote significant farmer response.

Version intégrale

Page publiée le 15 avril 2013, mise à jour le 27 mars 2019