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Xinjiang University (2005)

Theory And Case Study Of Regional Sustainable Tourism Development Of Arid Area }}

韩春鲜; Han Chun Xian

Titre : Theory and Case Study of Regional Sustainable Tourism Development of Arid Area

Auteur : 韩春鲜; Han Chun Xian

Grade : Doctoral Dissertation 2005

Université : Xinjiang University

Résumé partiel
There are different viewpoints about tourism attribute, some researchers consider tourism is not industry but a sort of social phenomenon, the others regard it as economic phenomenon and a sort of industry. There are also many tourism definitions which can be divided roughly into three types : one is tourism activities definition, one is tourism supply and need side definition, and the other is comprehensive definition. The different understanding of tourism attribute and definition would make different content of regional sustainable tourism development research. Therefore, the paper should cope with the problems of what is tourism and what is regional sustainable tourism development at first. After analyzing the tourism definitions given by tourism researchers, this paper defines tourism is “the activities of persons traveling outside usual environment, the activities of industry meet their needs, and the interaction between the two types of activities and the environment (social culture, economic and natural ecological environment) of tourism destination”. The contents of tourism are tourists and their activities, tourism industry and its activities, the interactions between those activities and tourism destination ; defines tourism industry is “the comprehensive industry which operators offer goods and service to tourism market to meet the need of tourists activities” ; and defines the tourism industry product is “the aggregate of good and service supplied to tourism market to meet tourists need by tourism operators. A whole tourism industry product is made up of seven products which are tourism transport, tourism accommodation, restaurant, tourism attractions, recreation, tourism shopping, and travel service”. Considers tourism industrial product is a component of tourism product, and defines tourism product is “the aggregate of tourism industry product and the common product of tourism destination, which consumed by tourists as they are touring”. So far, approaches used to study sustainable tourism development could be divided into five types, there are : using approaches of natural resources and environment economics to study sustainable tourism industry development ; using tourism managerial approaches such as carrying capacity and tourism planning etc., to manage tourism area so that sustainable tourism development can be attained ; using some business management approaches to research sustainable tourism industry product and industry competition, to make tourism area sustainable development ; researching ways of tourist activities which had less affection to environment of tourism destination, such as ecotourism, alternative tourism to achieve sustainable tourism development ; and establishing assessment indicators system of sustainable tourism development to monitor and manage sustainable tourism development. Most sustainable tourism development research has been centered on enclavic places or “purified”spaces, such as scenic spot, natural reservation area etc., but less attention has been paid to tourism region, which are composed of several tourist attractions scattering in the region, and the service facilities of accommodation, restaurant, shopping etc. are centered in the city. To this sort of tourism region, sustainable tourism development is affected not only by tourism social welfare and tourism industry profit but also by regional environment quality. Especially in the arid region, the fragile ecologic environment has been affected by agriculture and industry production, which has influenced the regional tourism product quality and has made effects on the regional sustainable tourism development. Researching on this sort of tourism region could make us analyze the factors which affecting sustainable tourism development compressively, which is useful to local government to establish the regional sustainable strategies. This paper suggests regional sustainable tourism development definition and its content according to sustainable tourism development ethics and basic tourism conceptions researched above, that is “managing tourism industry and regional resources and regional environment, improving quality of regional tourism industrial product and environment, so as to meet present benefit of the host population, the tourism industry and tourist, while not debate those benefit of the future. Its content are about tourism social welfare (host population welfare and tourist benefit), regional tourism industry economic sustainable development, and regional environmental quality.

Mots clés : tourism; tourism industry; tourism product; regional sustainable tourism development; assessment indicators system of regional sustainable tourism development of arid area;

Présentation (CNKI)

Page publiée le 21 avril 2013, mise à jour le 4 octobre 2017