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China University (2013) )

Desert Arid Regions Of Human Culture Adaptation Research

Yi L M G L A B L Z

Titre : Desert Arid Regions Of Human Culture Adaptation Research

Auteur : Yi L M G L A B L Z

Grade : Doctoral Dissertation 2013

Université : China University

Résumé partiel
Research on the relationship between culture and environment has been one of the most important subjects in the study of ecological anthropology. Ecological anthropologists generally accept the idea that culture is the result of human adaptation to certain environments. Applying the theories and methods of ecological anthropology, ethnology, folklore and related disciplines as well as based on first-hand materials gained from fieldwork, this thesis mainly explores the cultural adaptation in a desert arid land, and the interrelationship between culture and environment.From the global perspective, a major portion of the lands of the earth are arid or semiarid. Furthermore, many of the semiarid lands of the world are becoming increasingly arid. As a result, a great deal of ecological crises and social problems are appearing. The Sahelian Crisis which brought so many people and their herds to death is the best example for this. Thus, the ecology and the social development of arid regions is currently becoming the focus of attention. In this moment, conducting a study of man-environment relationship in arid lands has a certain practical value in the development of these regions.Xinjiang, the largest arid and semi-arid region in China, is the focus of this research. The oasis is the main living space of human beings in the arid and semi-arid regions. In the long-term course of historical development, the oases on the edge and in the hinterlands of the Taklimakan Desert have become the main living space of Uyghurs. By adapting to the environment of this arid region, Uyghurs have created the unique oasis culture particular to the inland desert arid region.This paper, in taking the Deryaboyi Oasis of Yutian County as an example and in putting the oasis culture of the Deryaboyi Uyghurs in a dynamic historical process from the beginning of the20th century to the present, examines the representative ecological adaptation of Deryaboyi Uyghurs in arid region and their unique Desert Oasis Culture. Theoretically, the paper uses the theories of cultural adaptation in ecological anthropology as well as related theories in ecological folklore and ethnology. Methodologically, it puts together emic and etic research methods and uses the historical document method and makes comparative analysis in both diachronic and synchronic contexts. In the process, this paper interprets the formation and evolution of Deryaboyi Uyghur’s oasis culture and investigates its possible future trends. On the basis of this case study, this paper summarizes the formation, feature and survival of Desert Oasis Culture in this arid region.This paper is composed of seven chapters. The main content of this paper is as follows:Chapter1, the introduction, states the origin, purpose and significance of this research. It also outlines the theories and methodology on which this paper based, drawing from both domestic and foreign research.Chapter2draws a picture of the natural and social living environment of the Deryaboyi Uyghurs and emphasizes the features of this environment.Chapter3is about the subsistence strategies of the Deryaboyi Uyghurs. Here, much attention has been given to the relationship between the subsistence economy and the ecological environment from cultural ecological perspective. This chapter points out that pastoralism is a successful adaptive strategy in the hyper-arid land, the Taklimakan Desert, which Deryaboyi Uyghurs have achieved.Chpater4offers a core description of material culture : diet, clothing, housing and tools.

Mots clés : Deryaboyi Uyghurs, Taklimakan Desert, Cultural Adaptation, Ecological Environment

Présentation (Globethesis)

Page publiée le 21 avril 2013, mise à jour le 10 janvier 2018