Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Chine → 2013 → The Study On The Ecological Compensation Mechanism Of The Contaminated Arid Oasis Farmland

China University (2013)

The Study On The Ecological Compensation Mechanism Of The Contaminated Arid Oasis Farmland

Wang X

Titre : The Study On The Ecological Compensation Mechanism Of The Contaminated Arid Oasis Farmlan

Auteur : Wang X

Grade : Doctoral Dissertation 2013

Université : China University

Résumé partiel
Heavy metal contamination in farmland has been paid great attention all over the world, which could accumulate in soil and crops and threat human health. The farmer is the victim of soil pollution ; they are also the executor and the participator during the reparation of contaminated soil. Rational ecological compensation mechanism could protect the benefit of the farmers and promote the enthusiasm of the farmer to participate the project of contaminated soil remediation.Ecological compensation mechanism about pollution soil is a main part of environment pollution controlling policy. The paper analyzed the law and the regulation of soil pollution managements about farmland, investigated the spatial distribution of heavy metals in arid oasis farmland, and shared the experiments about how to manage the pollution farmland in developed countries. On the basis of these studies and integrate the WTA questionnaire investigate,the healthy risk assessment of heavy metal pollution and the investigation of farmer participate way to protect the soil, the paper structured a ecological compensation mechanism in order to provide the scientific basis to formulate the regulation and law about the soil pollution management. The mains results about the study were as follows :(1) Heavy metals such as Zn,Ni,Pb and Cd contamination was mainly accumulated in suburb vegetable lands in arid oasis areas. Cd has the most accumulation in Baiyin suburb, Ni and Pb occupy the dominate elements in soil contamination in Jinchang suburb. There are lots of implement departments to charge the repairing of soil pollution and the responsibility of each department is not clearly, which restrict to carry out the recovering work and degraded the activity of farmers to participate the work about recovering the contamination soil. The decision makers and the executor of the study areas believed that they has no laws to follow is the main problem during the management of the soil pollution, the second problem is the lack of specific fund to repair the contaminated soil.(2) The contingent valuation method (CVM) is used to analyze the farmers’ willingness to accept (WTA) the compensation for recovering the heavy metal contaminated soil in arid oasis areas, using Baiyin and Jinchang suburb farmland as a case study. Based on the result of statistical analysis of382questionnaires, it was showed that91.79%farmers in this area have recognized the impact of soil contamination.41.62%respondents were against to abandon the contaminated cropland because of less life safeguard, so reasonable compensation standard in ecological restoration project is an important issue. Econometrics model Analysis indicated the farmers’willingness to accept (WTA) are between746.45-862.73Yuan (RMB)/hm2. The acute WTA data has a positive relationship with the family population, education and the areas of the cropland. The farmers’gender, age and their income have little affection on WTA. The results showed that the farmers’WTA were based on the income of crops planting which was840Yuan (RMB)/hm2pre year in this areas.(3) Ecological compensation needs to depends on the degree of the farmer’s loss caused by the contamination soil. By this way the farmer’s benefit can be protected. Through divided the grade of ecological compensation centigrade, the ecological compensation fund can be used for the most needed people and can save the limited funds.

Mots clés : ecological compensation mechanism, arid oasis, contamination

Présentation (Globethesis)

Page publiée le 21 avril 2013, mise à jour le 10 janvier 2018