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Delft University of Technology (2013)

Sustainable Reconstruction of Houses in Seismic Desert Areas

Shahnoori Shohreh

Titre : Sustainable Reconstruction of Houses in Seismic Desert Areas

Auteur : Shahnoori Shohreh

Université : Delft University of Technology

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2013

Résumé partiel
This thesis is mainly a product of the research of a complex design situation, and in particular of a Sustainable Reconstruction of Houses in a Seismic Desert area, in short SRH-SD. Procuring an accurate understanding of this complexity was a major responsibility and integrating the design on multiple scales under the leadership of sustainability was a critical task. To this end three topics were given weight in this thesis : Sustainability, Complexity, and Seismic deserts. (i) The concern for the environment is crucial to society. Issues relevant to sustainability are not simply limited to problems such as air pollution and CO2 emission, material use and the embodied energy, and costs but should rather be seen by means of its broad definition. Although sustainability is already a worldwide concern, for seismic desert cities it is a fundamental need, and conditional for their survival. Therefore, exploring the ways to define the boundaries for the reconstruction of houses that meet the requirements of sustainability is crucial. In order to achieve this, two significant parts are included. First, an investigation into issues of sustainability in this particular situation. The second was identifying the requirements/criteria for the sustainability of the reconstruction through case studies. The cases in this study may be divided into various categories. For example in the research and design on the urban level first a global measure has been taken ; for instance, cases in America have been compared to cases in Asia. In this regard some cases are provided from the USA, Peru, Mexico, etc., together with ones from China, Mongolia, India, as well as Zanzibar, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iraq, and Iran, In the meantime and on a smaller scale, cities in different countries have been compared. However, Bam as an appropriate sample of a desert town was always a constant case. Sustainability was addressed in many ancient or at least old desert towns/cities, whereas it was lost in the design and development of many modern cities. To benefit from the traditional knowledge with the possibilities provided by modern technologies and global knowledge were additional considerations towards an optimum use of local opportunities. The involvement of social, cultural and local issues in achieving sustainability of the reconstruction has been identified as critical. In this respect items as political and local limitations were found as significant influences. The relevant exploration and analysis resulted in providing example proposals for a sustainable town development. This approach has also been applied on the smaller scales of building design, building components and element design, as well as for the materialisation of buildings.

Mots Clés : sustainability • design modelling • complex situation • building construction • construction materials • concrete composites

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Page publiée le 30 mai 2013, mise à jour le 29 mai 2022