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University of Florida (2012)

Climate Change, Livelihood and Household Vulnerability in Eastern Niger

Mckune, Sarah Lindley

Titre : Climate Change, Livelihood and Household Vulnerability in Eastern Niger

Auteur : Mckune, Sarah Lindley

Université de soutenance : University of Florida

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2012

Climate change is projected to disproportionately affect arid and semi-arid regions of the world, including the African Sahel. Niger, a Sahelian country and one of the poorest countries in the world, is home to an estimated 1.5 million pastoralists, those whose livelihood is based on livestock herding. Niger is chronically food insecure, and increasing frequency and severity of environmental shocks are testing household and community resilience. Utilizing household data collected following the 2005 and 2010 food crises, this research examines the relationship between climate change, livelihood (pastoralism/agropastoralism), and vulnerability in a collection of three papers. The first investigates the role of livelihoods, coping mechanisms, and adaptations on perceived risk of climate change (PRCC). The second explores if and how coping mechanisms - including migration, sedentarization, and acceptance of food aid - are affecting food security, and the predictive power of food security on undernutrition. The final paper utilizes a Double Exposure (DE) framework to analyze the impact of economic globalization and global climate change on the vulnerability of Tuareg pastoralists in Niger. As a collection, the three papers aim to enrich the current understanding of household vulnerability in Niger, and allow for improved design and targeting of development programs that work to improve livelihood and food security in the region.

Mots clés : adaptation — climate — livelihood — pastoral Interdisciplinary Ecology — Dissertations, Academic – UF

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Page publiée le 20 juin 2013, mise à jour le 21 septembre 2017