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Wageningen University (2013)

Water, food and markets : household-level impact of irrigation water policies and institutions in northern China

Zhang, Lei

Titre : Water, food and markets : household-level impact of irrigation water policies and institutions in northern China

Auteur : Zhang, Lei

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Doctor PhD 2013

Résumé partiel
Water is increasingly becoming a limiting factor for sustainable economic growth and development, particularly in developing countries. Besides technical innovations, water institution reforms may contribute to improving water allocation decisions. Appropriately designed water institutions can motivate water users to conserve and use water efficiently for irrigation and other uses. __In northern China, growing demands on agricultural water due to relatively low water availability and increasing grain production are putting more and more pressure on improving water resource management. The Ministry of Water Resources of the P.R. China has initiated a number of pilot projects to gain experience with the development of water-saving irrigation systems. These pilot projects focus on the construction of engineering systems as well as institutional innovations in water resource management. Analysing the household-level effects of the implemented measures is hence of great importance for further policy development.
The project ‘Building a Water-saving Society in Zhangye City’, initiated early 2002 in Zhangye City in northwest China, is the first pilot project of this kind in China. It provides a unique opportunity to examine the economic effects of changes in water policies and institutions. Minle County, the research area for this study, is located within Zhangye City. A large potato processing company was established in Minle County in 2008. After the factory started its activities, the local government intervened in the allocation of irrigation water within the region by assigning more water to a specific variety of potatoes (i.e. Atlantic potatoes) that the factory needs for processing. This further makes Minle County an interesting case for analysing the link between output market development and institutional change in irrigation water management.

Mots clés : development economics - households - irrigation water - water policy - water use - water use efficiency - institutions - northern china - china - asia - agricultural households - rural areas

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Page publiée le 28 juillet 2013, mise à jour le 29 mai 2022