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University of Toronto (2013)

Intraspecific Variation in the Populus balsamifera Drought Response : A Systems Biology Approach

Hamanishi, Erin T.

Titre : Intraspecific Variation in the Populus balsamifera Drought Response : A Systems Biology Approach.

Auteur : Hamanishi, Erin T.

Université de soutenance : University of Toronto

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2013

As drought can impinge significantly on forest health and productivity, the mechanisms by which forest trees respond to drought is of interest. The research presented herein examined the intra-specific variation in the Populus balsamifera drought response, examining the potential role of the transcriptome to configure growth, metabolism and development in response to water deficit. Amassing evidence indicates that different species of Populus have divergent mechanisms and Three lines of inquiry were pursued to investigate the intraspecific variation the drought response in P. balsamifera. First, the transcriptome responses of six genotypes of P. balsamifera were examined using Affymetrix Poplar GeneChips under well-watered and water-deficit conditions. A core species-level transcriptome response was identified. Significantly, intraspecific variation in the drought transcriptome was also identified. The data support a role for genotype-derived variation in the magnitude of P. balsamifera transcriptome remodelling playing a role in conditioning drought responsiveness. Second, the impact of drought-stress induced declines in stomatal conductance, as well as an alteration in stomatal development in two genotypes was examined. Patterns of transcript abundance of genes hypothesised to underpin stomatal development had patterns congruent with their role in modulation of stomatal development. These results suggest that stomatal development may play a role as a long-term mechanism to limit water loss from P. balsamifera leaves under conditions of drought-stress. Finally, the drought-induced metabolome of six P. balsmaifera genotypes was interrogated. Metabolite profiling reveled amino acids such as isoleucine and proline and sugars such as galactinol and raffinose were found with increased abundance, whereas TCA intermediates succinic and malic acid were found with decreased abundance in response to drought. Comparative analysis of the metabolome and the transcriptome revealed genotypic-specific variation in energy and carbohydrate metabolism. Taken together, the findings reported in this thesis form a foundation to understand the basis of intraspecific variation in the drought response in P. balsamifera. Transcripts and metabolites that contribute to within-species differences in drought tolerance were defined. These molecular components are useful targets for both future study, as well as efforts aimed at protecting and growing trees of this important species under challenging environmental conditions

Mots clés : Populus balsamifera ; System biology ; Transcriptome ; Drought ; Metabolome ; Stomata


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Page publiée le 21 septembre 2013, mise à jour le 10 septembre 2019