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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 2012 → Conserving Nature, Transforming Authority : Eviction and Development at the Margins of the State The Niokolo-Koba National Park, Senegal

CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK (2012)

Conserving Nature, Transforming Authority : Eviction and Development at the Margins of the State The Niokolo-Koba National Park, Senegal

Ece, Melis

Titre : Conserving Nature, Transforming Authority : Eviction and Development at the Margins of the State The Niokolo-Koba National Park, Senegal

Auteur : Ece, Melis

Université de soutenance : CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2012

Résumé
This dissertation examines two distinct but interrelated processes of displacement experienced by the evictees of the Niokolo-Koba National Park, based on fieldwork (2004-2005) in the Tambacounda region of South-Eastern Senegal. While the first process concerns centralized mass evictions of the residents of the National Park during the first decade of Independence ; the second process concerns multiple decentralized displacements in resettlement areas at the buffer zone, since the implementation of decentralization reforms. Taking as a starting point that eviction is not a punctual event, but a complex process that reflects and transforms relations that lead to loss of property and authority, this project examines how the inhabitants of the National Park have been related and continue to relate to the “state” in its different manifestations since the colonial rule. Evictions from national parks in Africa, are often understood as results of international pressures in the name of conservation of global commons. This study illustrates the equally important role of the emergence of a centralized and developmentalist postcolonial state in forced evictions. I illustrate the transformation of the national park into an “untouchable territory” where the evictions were justified by “public utility.” This transformation mirrored and contributed to authoritarian and technocratic tendencies and the radical stand against “customary authorities” in this region, constructed as a backward and rebellious area.

Présentation (PROQUEST)

Page publiée le 30 octobre 2013, mise à jour le 26 août 2017