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Accueil du site → Master → Etats Unis → 2012 → The Moringa oleifera tree in Senegal : Ethnobotany, Markets and Nutrition

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS (2012)

The Moringa oleifera tree in Senegal : Ethnobotany, Markets and Nutrition

Yousefian, Neda

Titre : The Moringa oleifera tree in Senegal : Ethnobotany, Markets and Nutrition

Auteur : Yousefian, Neda

Université de soutenance : UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS

Grade : Master of Science 2012

Résumé
An ethnobotanical case study and market availability analysis of moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) was conducted in Senegal from June 28 to August 31, 2011. In light of the alarmingly high rates of anemia in Senegal, moringa leaf samples were collected in all 14 regions of the country for iron analysis. The results of this study were grouped based on agroecological regions because biophysical and climatic realities have a greater impact on the health and activities of a population than do political regional boundaries. Agroecological regional differences were observed for the availability of moringa products in markets, with the most moringa for sale in the central part of the country. This central region, the Bassin Arachidier, also showed the highest iron content from commercial samples of moringa leaf samples. Results also show a strong relationship between the number of moringa vendors in a market and the iron content in moringa leaves. Higher iron contents were associated with higher numbers of moringa vendors. Numerous moringa products were found to be used for food and medicine throughout Senegal. The most common use in food was in the traditional leaf sauce dish. Medicinally, the most popular uses for moringa were the consumption of fresh or dried leaves to treat diabetes and to regulate blood pressure. Overall moringa was found to be a very useful and economical tree that remains underutilized for its many nutritional and environmental benefits.

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Page publiée le 30 octobre 2013, mise à jour le 26 août 2017