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UNESCO-IHE and Delft University of Technology (2013)

Integrated Water Resources Management, institutions and livelihoods under stress : bottom-up perspectives from Zimbabwe

Mabiza Collin C.

Titre : Integrated Water Resources Management, institutions and livelihoods under stress : bottom-up perspectives from Zimbabwe.

Auteur : Mabiza Collin C.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE and Delft University of Technology

Grade : Doctor 2013

Résumé
The majority of people in Limpopo river basin depend on rainfed agriculture. Unfortunately the Limpopo is water scarce, and parts of the basin such as the Mzingwane catchment are under stress in terms of agro-ecological and socio-politico-economic conditions. Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has been adopted in the river basin in an attempt to improve water resources management. However, it is not known whether, or how, IWRM has improved practices in water resources management and contributed towards improved livelihoods. This study used a bottom-up approach to analyse water resources management practices and livelihoods in the river basin. The objective of the study was to understand practices in water resources management at the local level, and what drives those practices. Specifically the study analysed : practices in access to water for both domestic and productive uses ; efforts at sustaining livelihoods and the environment ; water management for agriculture ; contestations over urban water services, and river basin planning. The study showed the importance of context as a driver of practices in water resources management. The demonstrated influence of local level drivers on water resources management and livelihoods suggests that challenges in water resources management cannot be solved outside of the wider socio-politico-economic realm.

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Page publiée le 2 janvier 2018