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University of Nairobi (2011)

Livestock diagnostic support system for rural pastoralist communities in Kenya : a prototype

Murungi, Robert Mutua

Titre : Livestock diagnostic support system for rural pastoralist communities in Kenya : a prototype

Auteur : Murungi, Robert Mutua

Université de soutenance : University of Nairobi

Grade : Masters of science in Chemistry 2011

Résumé
The goal of this project was to develop a functional livestock diagnostic prototype to be used by pastoralist communities in arid and semi arid lands of Kenya. The prototype will be used by non-experts in the veterinary domain to address pastoralist livestock health needs. The prototype has been implemented using artificial neural network that learns on existing and emerging livestock diseases. Learning involves training the network via a graphical user interface provided by the system. Our neural network uses supervised learning, where a set of input and output values (i.e. symptoms and diseases) are supplied to the network. Once the network has been trained, the system prompts the user with probable hypothesis regarding the livestock disease symptoms. The user in turn confirms or denies the hypothesis through a web based graphical interface. Finally the system diagnoses the disease that the livestock is suffering from and provides appropriate medical recommendations. For the system to associate a certain disease with specific symptoms, the symptoms were set to meet a threshold of at least 59%. On average, the threshold level ranging above or equal to 59% presented to the system during the testing process was 79.59%. The system associated the symptoms with their respective diseases with 69.64% accuracy. On the other hand, the threshold level ranging below 59% presented to the system during the testing process was 38.75% on average. In each case the system could not associate the symptoms with any disease. During evaluation process, majority of the pastoralists and the veterinarians were satisfied that the system was operating according to their expectations.

Mots clés : diagnostic support system ; rural pastoralist communities

Présentation

Page publiée le 23 novembre 2013, mise à jour le 23 mars 2018