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Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås (2012)

Farm households’ adoption of Ecofarm integrated agricultural technologies and potential economic effects on livelihoods in Segou, Mopti and Koulikoro regions of Mali

Amponsah, Ernest Kwaku

Titre : Farm households’ adoption of Ecofarm integrated agricultural technologies and potential economic effects on livelihoods in Segou, Mopti and Koulikoro regions of Mali

Auteur : Amponsah, Ernest Kwaku

Université de soutenance : Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås

Grade : Master’s theses (Noragric) 2012

Résumé partiel
Food production among the majority of agro-pastoral households in rural Mali are hampered by low rainfall, infertile soil, and extreme poverty. To improve productivity and enhance livelihood, the Drylands Coordination Group implemented the project Ecofarm on the farmers’ field from the year 2004 to 2008 with technical assistance from the Department of International Environment and Development Studies (NORAGRIC) at Norwegian University of Life Sciences. The project tests the ability of low cost technologies to increase productivity and income in order to help poor farmers achieve a better livelihood. This study assessed the degree of Ecofarm technology adoption, identified the reasons for adoption, and investigated the impact of adoption on the livelihoods. The study was carried out in the regions of Segou, Mopti and Koulikoro of Mali. Cross-sectional surveys were carried out in 12 randomly selected villages from the three regions in which 120 household heads were selected. A semi-structured questionnaire and interviews were applied to collect quantitative and qualitative data from household heads. Interviews with local and international NGOs were carried out using a Snowball sampling approach. Results indicate that a wide range of technologies have been disseminated in the surveyed area by NGOs, but the Ecofarm technologies were the most adopted. The result shows that microdosin, the application of 0.3grams of fertilizer in the planting pocket simultaneously with sowing or 15 to 20 days after cultivation ; is adopted by 68.1% of the household. While there are about 51.3% farmers adopting seed priming ; the soaking of seed or grain in water before cultivation. The cross tabulation result indicates a variation in gender adoption of microdosing and seed priming. About 70.2% of men adopted microdosing while 61.1% women of women adopted microdsoing. Yet a chi square result shows no significant association between gender and adoption of microdosing technology. From the focus group discussion, it emerged that women adopt less of fertilizer microdosing technology as compared to seed priming because of the workload attached. Results show increased crop yield with the application of fertilizer microdosing across regions. In Segou, average quantity of millet increased from 240 kg per hectare using traditional practices to 855 kg per hectare with microdosing technology. Sorghum yield increased from 260 kg using traditional practices to 805 kg per hectare using microdosing technology in Segou. In Mopti millet and sorghum, yield increased from 125 kg and 155 kg per hectare using traditional practices, to 500 kg and 430 kg per hectare respectively with microdosing technology.

Mots clés : Food security ; vulnerability analysis ; Integrated farming technologies ; adoption of agricultural technologies ; Poverty ; livelihood analysis ; Agriculture ; development ; Impact of microdosing adoption ; impact of seed priming adoption ; Economic evaluation : agricultural technologies

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Page publiée le 1er décembre 2013, mise à jour le 10 février 2018