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Moi University (2005)

Study on the factors hindering afforestation approaches in Asal, West Pokot District, Kenya

Ng’oriareng, Clement

Titre : Study on the factors hindering afforestation approaches in Asal, West Pokot District, Kenya

Auteur : Ng’oriareng, Clement

Université de soutenance : Moi University

Grade : MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY IN ENVIRONMENT AL STUDIES 2005

Résumé
This study on the factors affecting afforestation approaches in ASALS, West Pokot District, was conducted in two Divisions namely Sigor and Chesegon between August 2002 and January 2003. Dry conditions are spreading at an alarming rate and negative human activities have resulted in environmental degradation including soil erosion, deforestation and gully formation in the area. Several NGO’s augment the government in curbing these environmental degradations in these divisions. In afforestation in particular, some agencies e.g. KVDA, VI-TPP, World Vision, ASAL Programme, ELCK PDP have attempted to promote planting of trees in various villages in the area but with little success and some have since shifted to other projects or even withdrawn from the District to others which respond quickly to their efforts. The purpose of this study was to establish the underlying factors that affect afforestation approaches within these divisions in the district. Data was collected from interviews, group discussions and key informants and analysed using quantitative techniques. The findings/results were used to come up with planning and management strategies for afforestation projects in the study area. The study considered ten villages within the two Divisions where tree planting had been done. Five of the villages were sampled randomly and interviews conducted with a given number of individuals. Discussions were held with two groups to ascertain the established hindrances to tree planting in the District. The study found out that an interaction of ten factors in one way or the other played a role in hindering tree planting in the two divisions of the District. These factors in descending order of priority with their respective percentage scores agroforestry concept (74.4%) livestock browse (72.8%), spacing difficulty (52.8%) aridity of the soil (43.3%), rainfall amounts (42.8%), topography (38.9%), rocks (29.4%) and problem of site selection (28.3%). Since tree planting is very necessary in these arid environments these factors were accorded parallel planning and management alternatives for the purposes of continuity of the tree planting campaigns. Alongside the enlisted factors the following recommendations were suggested. There is need to encourage land demarcation both at communal and individual level. More time is required for awareness creation and trainings at the community before project take off. Alternative afforestation methods should be promoted as were ; land ownership rights (97.2%), capital scarcity (87.8%), poor understanding of well as utilisation of water harvesting techniques in the study area. Soil and water conservation measures also should be enhanced. Women involvement was also seen to be very important for success of tree planting activities in the district.

Mots clés : Forestry ; Sigor Division, West Pokot District ; Chesegon Division, West Pokot District ; Tree planting USE Planting ; Planting ; Trees ; Arid and semi-arid regions

Présentation (Research Kenya)

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