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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1973 → Subsistence ecology among the Gabra : nomads of the Kenya Ethiopia frontier

Columbia University (1973)

Subsistence ecology among the Gabra : nomads of the Kenya Ethiopia frontier

Torry, William Ivan

Titre : Subsistence ecology among the Gabra : nomads of the Kenya Ethiopia frontier

Auteur : Torry, William Ivan

Université de soutenance : Columbia University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy 1973

Résumé
The object of this study is to demonstrate the critical role that food production processes play in the organization of social institutions of the Gabra, a Galla-speaking nomadic pastoral tribe occupying the Kenya-Ethiopia border area. From a detailed description of herding operations it is shown how the breeding and feeding requirements of the herds (of camels, cattle and sheep and goats) necessitate a large, spatially dispersed, and highly active labour force. It is then argued that because of labor shortages and the limited availability of surface water, wide-scale sharing of economic resources between production units is fostered. The extent to which the family, the settlement, and supra-territorial groupings such as clans and phratries provide organized ways of coping with these ecological problems is then explored. The study concludes with a brief comparative analysis of ecology and social organization of Gabra and some neighboring coastoral tribes in order to highlight interesting and significant features of Gabra adaptations.

Mots clés : Pastoralists ; Gabra (African people) ; Ethnology

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Page publiée le 3 décembre 2013, mise à jour le 3 février 2019