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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1987 → The organization of labor and production among the Ariaal Rendille, nomadic pastoralists of northern Kenya

Catholic University of America (1987)

The organization of labor and production among the Ariaal Rendille, nomadic pastoralists of northern Kenya

Fratkin, Elliot Mayer

Titre : The organization of labor and production among the Ariaal Rendille, nomadic pastoralists of northern Kenya

Auteur : Fratkin, Elliot Mayer

Université de soutenance : Catholic University of America, USA

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1987

Résumé
This dissertation examines the social organization of labor and domestic production in one community of Ariaal Rendille, nomadic pastoralists of northern Kenya. The purpose of this study was to analyze how labor is organized within and between cooperative households ; whether there exists exploitation of labor in a kinship- based economy ; and how domestic production is affected by forces of economic development including interaction with the market economy and agencies distributing famine- relief foods. Results of the research show that the Ariaal have a flexible internal division of labor enabling them to respond to environmental and social crises including drought, warfare, and modernization. This flexibility is achieved by separating the three types of domestic livestock—camels, cattle, and small stock of goats and sheep—into mobile camps herded away from the larger domestic settlements and managed by adolescents and members of the warrior age-set. However, results of time- allocation surveys show that those households with a higher producer/consumer ratio, greater wealth in livestock, and specializing in large stock production of camels and cattle have higher productivity, less labor intensity, and greater recovery from crisis than those households with a small producer/consumer ratio, poor in livestock wealth, and who concentrate on small stock production of goats and sheep. The dissertation concludes that kinship relations determine much of how the Ariaal organize production, despite recent changes brought about by the market economy and famine-relief efforts. Differences in wealth and household composition are compensated by generalized redistribution and the exchange of labor for livestock. Married male elders are privileged however in that they expend the least time in production tasks, while married women and adolescents expend the most time in labor activities. Finally it is noted that the Ariaal subsistence economy is threatened by the trend to settle around permanent missions distributing famine-relief, which removes the subsistence basis of livestock from the human population. Recommendations are made in the concluding chapter to improve livestock production in this context, particular by developing veterinary programs while keeping the range open for nomadic grazing of livestock.

Mots clés : Rendille (African people) ; Ethnology ; Pastoralists ; Ariaal Rendille USE Rendille (African people)

Présentation (Research Kenya)

Page publiée le 10 décembre 2013, mise à jour le 28 décembre 2016