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Accueil du site → Master → Kenya → 2011 → Contribution of tourism ventures to the local people’s livelihoods in the Maasai group ranches bordering Amboseli national park, Kenya

Kenyatta University (2011)

Contribution of tourism ventures to the local people’s livelihoods in the Maasai group ranches bordering Amboseli national park, Kenya

Nthiga, Rita Wairimu

Titre : Contribution of tourism ventures to the local people’s livelihoods in the Maasai group ranches bordering Amboseli national park, Kenya

Auteur : Nthiga, Rita Wairimu

Université de soutenance : Kenyatta University

Grade : Master of Science 2011

Résumé
The tourism industry is widely regarded as a means of achieving development in destination areas. Indeed, the reason for tourism, the justification for its development and promotion is its potential contribution to development and improvement of local people’s livelihoods. This research sought to explore the contribution of tourism ventures to the local people’s livelihoods and to devek>pment in general, in the Maasai group ranches bordering the Amboseli National Park, Kenya. The study utilizes a descriptive survey design where both simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to get the study sample. Data were collected using questionnaires which were administered to the local community members and interview schedules for the investors of the tourism ventures, group ranch officials, and The Kenya Wildlife service (KWS) and the Tsavo- Amboseli group ranches association. The variables investigated included social-economic and demographic characteristics of the locals and the distnbution of income by the t verges, number of locals employed and the ventures’ community-based initiatives. Data vvene analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 14.0. Descriptive (frequency) and inferential Measures were determined to show how the variables of interest were distributed. In order to compare the relations between variables, Chi-square goodness of fit test was performed.. The results indicated that a lot of money (over Kshs- 12 million) was received by the tree group ranches every year from tourism investments and only a small amount went to the group ranch members or the local people. The majority of respondents were male (69%). A high percentage (47°/®) was illiterate and (40°%) practiced moralism as a source of livelihood. The majority of respondents (93%) did not receive any direct income from the leasehold by the tourism ventures while 94°/® did not have a member of their household employed hi the tourism ventures. A bffW number of respondeflts (97%) felt that tourism had not reduced their vulnerability to drought while 91% did not have any skills imparted to them by the tourism mveA ;raents. The findings indicate that the group ranch members received limited benefits from tourism developments ht the area. The Andy recommends that there is need for the government to set policies addressing the management of grog ranches which will ewe co participation and benefit shag m tourism. The research also recommends inclusion of transparency and accountability aspects in the management of the group ranch resources

Mots clés : Tourism— Economic aspects— Amboseli National Park— Kenya//Tourism— Management—Kenya

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