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2005

Swasti II Community Initiative for Rejuvenation and Management of Environment Degraded Saliata Ravines for Sustainable Development (India)

Inde

Titre : Swasti II Community Initiative for Rejuvenation and Management of Environment Degraded Saliata Ravines for Sustainable Development (India)

Pays : Inde

Numéro projet : SGP/GEF/IND/OP3/1/05/UP15

Domaine : Land Degradation

Durée : 2005/2007

Bénéficiaires : Sainik Foundation

Présentation
The Sainik Foundation is a part of the All India ex-Soldiers League. The organization is a voluntary, non-profit, apolitical body working in the rural areas on issues of awareness generation, conservation and employment generation. The goal of the project is economic empowerment of marginalized rural communities through rejuvenation of environment in the Salaita river ravines of the Yamuna – Chambal river basin in Uttar Pradesh, that have been receding at an alarming rate due to depletion of moisture in soil cover. Deforestation has visibly enlarged the advancing arid zones, thereby affecting the climate and dropping the sub-soil water levels to 100 meters with near drought like conditions in the summer.
The project seeks to reverse this process with focus on enhancing livelihood opportunities through restoration of the eco-system. The project will directly benefit five remote and isolated villages comprising of over 1000 farmers.

The specific objectives of the project are : • To increase agricultural returns through arresting and reversing land degradation through restoration of the environment • To undertake measures for augmentation of water resources with focus on recharging sub-soil reserves by building water-harvesting structures along with optimizing utilization of water through community initiatives • To arrest erosion of topsoil cover through greening of exposed areas • Capacity building of the community, especially women, around issues of environment, livelihoods, conflict management and sharing of resources • To build SHGs and train them on alternate income generation activities

The above objectives will be achieved through involvement of the community in all stages of planning, data collection and execution of the project.

Caractéristiques et résultats
The project interventions have arrested 80% run off from 40 hectare of catchments feeding into the Jamuna from its north bank. This can be tabulated by data collection of HFL at check dams. Two surface water points have been created bringing five ridges or 20 hectares under grazing grass/ tree cultivation with 5000 trees in two planting seasons. Top soil erosion has been arrested by creating grazing grounds on 10 hectares of reclaimed ridges and gullies over two seasons introducing new grasses and income generating plants/ foliage. Trial with Jatropha cultivation has benefited marginalized farmers and the direct savings were accrued on pre-crop watering to farmers through natural soil moisturation. Enrichment of sub soil reserves and enhancement of environment and hygiene by providing 100% toilets for Salaita Mauja has been done. The interventions have reclaimed 30% gullies for arable land and created a core of trained community members with some experience in rural technologies in the field of Agro Forestry planning and execution of micro projects in villages. Introduction of solar energy for environment friendly devices for water resource management has also been done

Financement
Grant Amount (GEF Small Grants Programme) : US$ 46,384.00
Co-Finanshing Cash : US$ 48,325.00
Co-Finanshing in-Kind : US$ 5,631.00

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 24 janvier 2014, mise à jour le 16 avril 2018