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sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

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2009

Combating Desertification by Participatory action in Tharparkar (Pakistan)

Pakistan

Titre : Combating Desertification by Participatory action in Tharparkar (Pakistan)

Pays : Pakistan

Numéro projet : PAK/SGP/OP4/CORE/09/44

Domaine : Land Degradation

Durée : 2009/2011

Bénéficiaires : Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment

Présentation
Tharparkar is a fragile arid and semiarid ecosystem which is subjected to desertification due to frequent droughts, pressure on natural vegetative cover due to exploitation by human and livestock (for fodder, timber, firewood, gum resin, medicinal herbs extraction etc.) and limited water resources. Desertification threatened livelihood of about 1.3 million inhabitants and 5 million livestock. The major causes of desertification are felling of trees and removal of vegetative cover in the result of deforestation and overgrazing. Destruction of Camiphora mukal (gum yielding shrub), by tukka (chemical cut) method, is a major cause of desertification in Tharparkar, particularly in Nagarparkar area which is rich in this shrub.
The project aims at reducing pressure on land and forest resources which is caused by illegal tree chopping, and destruction of natural plantations of guglan (Camiphora mukal) for gum resin extraction The project addresses GEF operational programme 15 of sustainable land management. The project will restore the natural balance of the local ecology by removing or minimizing threats created by deforestation and bush destruction and will serve the global environmental causes of reducing global warming, protection of biodiversity and combating desertification.

Project objectives
1. Motivate, organize and enable local community organizations for sustainable land management (SLM) 2. Immediate halt of deforestation and organized destruction of guglan (Camiphora mukal) shrub cover through local action 3. Rangeland health assessment and rehabilitation 4. Reintroduce and strengthen traditional rangeland management system through consensus and participation 5. Create livelihood opportunities for indigenous people through sustainable harvesting of gugral (gum from guglan shrub) 6. Cooperate with forest department and local government to protect forest and rangeland

Financement
Grant Amount (GEF) : US$ 49,918.00
Co-Finanshing in-Kind : US$ 28,771.00

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 24 janvier 2014, mise à jour le 12 avril 2018