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Azien - Quazien Community Based Afforestation Programme (Eritrea)


Titre : Azien - Quazien Community Based Afforestation Programme (Eritrea)

Pays : Erythrée

Numéro projet : ERI/SGP/OP5/Y2/CORE/LD/12/12

Domaine : Land Degradation

Durée : 2013-2014


Azien, Adengoda and Quazien are project target villages within Maekel Regional Administration. These villages are located within 30 km distance from Asmara, the capital city. Maekel region landscape is on the highland plateau and lies within the range of 1,600 – 2,610 meters above sea level with annual rainfall range of 400-600mm. People’s livelihood depends on crops and livestock.
In the eastern escarpment where the target villages are located, there is a natural water resource from fog, which could be utilized. Nature has proven this in the eastern escarpment the evergreen thick forest, which is referred locally as “bahery” is being supported both by the high land rainfall (Mid June to Mid September) and during the winter period (November to March) from fog interception. Thus, project target area has extensive marginal area that could be cultivated for tree plantation preferably with tree species that have needle-shaped leaf structure like pine and coniferous trees. Thus, this project is designed to realize this natural advantage that the eastern escarpment has with these kinds of tree species.
The overall goal of this project is to contribute to the improvement of environmental conditions and rural livelihoods through rehabilitation of degraded land, enhancement of biodiversity conservation by restoring original vegetation based on relic species. Homestead plantation of commercial importance will be highly encouraged too.
This project addresses land degradation problem through community based afforestation programme using feasible approaches of area closure and planting of selected tree species of Pinus canariensis, Juniperus procera and Olea africana. This is 12 months project targeting a total population of 2,131 households or 9,591people.
The major components of the project are : a. Building the capacities of local environmental actors, b. Conduct soil and water conservation activities (i.e construct 140 kms of terrace and 600 M3 of checkdams), c. Digging of 35,000 pits and planting of the same amount tree species that have needle-shaped leaf and homestead plantation of commercial importance.
Total area for reforestation and enclosure is 35 ha of land.

Grant Amount (GEF Small Grants Programme) : US$ 50,000.00
Co-Finanshing in-Kind : US$ 50,026.67

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 5 février 2014, mise à jour le 15 avril 2018