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Rehabilitation of Land Degradation through Afforestation and Introduction of Compost in Serejeka Subregion (Eritrea)


Titre : Rehabilitation of Land Degradation through Afforestation and Introduction of Compost in Serejeka Subregion (Eritrea)

Pays : Erythrée

Numéro projet : ERI/SGP/OP5/Y2/CORE/LD/12/03

Domaine : CapDev Land Degradation

Durée : 2013


Serejeka is sub-region within Maekel Regional Administration. It is located 22 km north west of Asmara, the capital, on the main road to Keren Town. Serejeka landscape is on the highland plateau and lies within the range of 2,300 – 2,400 meters above sea level with average annual rainfall of 600mm. People’s livelihood depends on crops and livestock. The inhabitants of the sub-region have major land degradation challenges. Soil erosion during the rainy season is tremendous and thus flash floods form gullies in their farmlands. This reduces the size of existing farmland. Soil fertility is totally depleted and crop harvest is very poor. Total area of sub region Serejeka is 21,877.4 ha. This project, Serejeka land Degradation rehabilitation through afforestation, SWC activities and introducing the use of compost is envisaged to address land degradation problem by engaging local actors in environmental conservation through building their capacities to act and create better livelihood options through ameliorating soil conditions. Compost as the result of managed transformation of raw organic materials into biologically stable and sterile organic substance sustainably ameliorates degraded soil structure and texture. Likewise, nutrients decomposed in the process are easily taken by the roots of plants. In addition, the heat produced during composting process (110-160oF) destroys pathogens, diseases and undesirable weed seeds.

The project is targeting a total population of 1,400 households or 6,300 people in awareness raising and afforestation activities. In addition to that, capacity building on Soil & Water Conservation practices and construction of demonstrative silos for composting of organic matter is targeted to selected exemplary farmers of 56 people and 38 extension servers of the branch ministry of agriculture in the sub region.

The major components of the project are : Building the capacities of 94 local environmental actors on compost processing & construction of silos for composting ; Construction of 96 m3 silos in the project site of “Shimanugus Laelay” of Serejeka Sub-region for composting and training to environmental actors and selected community members for better livelihood options ; Constructing of community based soil and water conservation activities i.e 15,750 m3 check-dam constructions ; construction of 90 Km of terraces and planting of 70,000 tree seedlings ; Protecting of communal land and planting of 5,000 tree seedlings in compounds of individual households’ premises.

Grant Amount (GEF Small Grants Programme) : US$ 50,000.00
Co-Finanshing in-Kind : US$ 246,991.00

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 5 février 2014, mise à jour le 15 avril 2018