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Community based Soil and Water Conservation practices in Subregion of Ghindae (Eritrea)


Titre : Community based Soil and Water Conservation practices in Subregion of Ghindae (Eritrea)

Pays : Erythrée

Numéro projet : ERI/SGP/OP5/Y2/CORE/LD/12/09

Domaine : Land Degradation

Durée : 2012-2014


Project site lies within two Kebabis of Embatkala and Gindae –Sub-region of Northern Red Sea Administrative Region, which is about 30 and 45 Km respectively east from Asmara city, the capital of the Country. The main environmental problems in project area is land degradation due to human induced activities of deforestation to expand agricultural land, selling of forest products to subsidize household income and limited efforts to regenerate/plant trees while cutting for many other purposes. The principal source of energy of the residents is firewood.
Livelihood of the population depends on rain-fed agriculture, rearing of livestock and petty trading. The community of the project area embraces internal migrants’ of nomadic people from Sheib and surroundings during the hottest season of the year as the project area is cooler. During this period, natural resources of fire wood is highly demanded and consumed for household consumptions.

This project, Rehabilitation of Degraded Catchments in two Kebabis of Ghindae sub-region is envisaged to address degradation problem by engaging local actors in environmental conservation through building their capacities to act and create livelihood options for forest dependent poorer communities of both Embatkala and Ghindae kebabis. This is a two year project targeting a total population of 3,129 (15,233 households).

The project mainly focuses in awareness raising, delineation of protected area of 96.8 ha, soil and water conservation works including construction of 93.4 Km of terraces and 4,500 m3 check-dams, planting of drought resistant 97,400 tree species and training of trainers (TOT) to selected 40 women on improved traditional stove, which the techniques and methods of constructing the improved traditional stove will eventually be widely transferred by the trainers to every household in the communities. Hence, the impacts of the project are eco-friendly that will sustain after the project life.

In implementing the project, development committees both at the regional and Sub-regional levels are formed. Both committees are composed of members from respective regional/sub-regional administration, branch/sub-branch ministry of Agriculture, members of the NUEW and members of the target communities.

Grant Amount (GEF Small Grants Programme) : US$ 45,000.00
Co-Financing Cash : US$ 7,000.00
Co-Finanshing in-Kind : US$ 58,823.55

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 5 février 2014, mise à jour le 15 avril 2018