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2011

Ethiopia : Livelihood-Based Drought Recovery Project in East and West Hararghe Zones of Oromia Region

Ethiopia

Titre : Ethiopia : Livelihood-Based Drought Recovery Project in East and West Hararghe Zones of Oromia Region

Pays : Ethiopia

Date : 30.11.2011-30.04.2013

Lieu : Four woredas in East and West Hararghe Zones, Eastern part of Oromia region in Ethiopia

Contexte
A drought due to the effect of La Niña phenomenon over 2011 is currently impacting 4.5 million people in various regions of Ethiopia. East and West Hararghe Zones are agro-pastoral zones located in the north-eastern part of the Oromia Region. The vast majority of the population is dependent on rain-fed agriculture (as opposed to irrigation), with a mix of crops and livestock.
Both zones experienced two successive poor rainy seasons over 2010 and 2011. The impacts of this situation are multiple : water sources un-replenished by rains have been depleted, crops have nearly completely failed and a significant number of livestock has died, resulting in growing food and nutritional insecurity. Rural populations are facing extreme food scarcity which has been exacerbated by asset depletion following several years of repeated shocks.

Présentation
In order to improve food security and to contribute to the livelihood recovery of drought-affected small-scale farmer households in East and West Haraghe Zones, and in order to promote higher standards of gender equality in economic life, CARE will use a three-pronged approach that will reach a total of 5,600 small-scale farmer households (28,000 people) over a period of one year :
1. Provision of agricultural inputs (seeds, small ruminants and poultry) ;
2. Capacity building of women small holders on vegetable, small ruminant and poultry production ;
3. Participatory social analysis and action (discussions about social norms) to promote higher standards of gender equality in economic life.

The overall goal of the project is to contribute to the livelihood recovery of drought-affected small-scale farmer households in four Woredas of East and West Hararghe Zones of Oromia Region.

Objectifs , résultats attendus et activités
Objective 1 : Improve the livelihoods of drought-affected small-scale farmer households through increased access to agricultural inputs (seeds, small ruminants and poultry).
Result 1 : Agriculture production resumes during 2012 Belg and Meher rainy seasons on 1,400 hectares exploited by 5,600 drought affected households. Result 2 : 600 drought-affected women small-holders are provided with small ruminants (sheep and goats). Result 3 : 480 women small-holders have access to improved food security and/or diversified incomes through poultry rearing
Activity : Provision of agricultural inputs (Distribution of seeds, sheep and goats, and poultry)
Objective 2 : Increase women small-holders food security and/or capacity to generate income through the provision of agricultural training.
Result : Increased capacity of women small holders on vegetable, small ruminant and poultry production
Activity : Capacity building of women small holders on vegetable, small ruminant and poultry production
Objective 3 : Contribute to an improved environment for women to participate in community and household decisions and access productive resources.
Result 1 : Improvement in women’s self esteem and self assertiveness Result 2 : Improvement of men understanding and support of joint household decision making
Activity : Social Analysis and Action to promote social change

Bénéficiaires :
CARE will target drought-affected small-scale farmer households. Direct beneficiaries will be 5,600 vulnerable households (28,000 people).
Priority will be given to women small-holders for certain activities, as women (especially widows, single and/or divorced mothers and pregnant and lactating women) have been identified by both male and female focus group participants as the most vulnerable and the most drought-impacted group.
Other vulnerable groups identified by the communities are young children (under 5), the disabled and the elderly. For all activities, priorities will be given to small-scale farmer households and women small-holders living in a household with one of these vulnerable groups.

Financement Austrian Development Cooperation ; CARE

CARE Autriche

Page publiée le 22 février 2014, mise à jour le 16 avril 2018