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2013

Pastureland – Mongolia’s “Green Gold”

Mongolie

Direction du Développement de la Coopération (Suisse)

Titre : Pastureland – Mongolia’s “Green Gold”

Pays : Mongolia

Localisation : The main focus area is the western region of Mongolia : Zavkhan, Uvs, Khovd, Gobi-Altai, Bayan-Ulgii, Arkhangai and Bayankhongor aimags.

Organisme de mise en œuvre :

Durée : The Green Gold Project’s phase runs from January 2013 to December 2016.

Contexte
For Mongolia’s 150,000 herder households, incomes and livelihood security are highly dependent on rangeland-based livestock husbandry. Semi-nomadic livestock husbandry provides employment for more than 33 percent of the population, generates 70 percent of rural incomes, contributes significantly to national food security, and is the bedrock of national cultural identity. Pasture is therefore invaluable “green gold” for Mongolian nomadic herders. The Green Gold Project, Switzerland’s decade of commitment to Mongolia’s sustainable pasture management, is contributing to poverty reduction and the livelihoods improvement of 100,000 semi-nomadic herder families in western Mongolia.

Présentation
Since 2004, the Green Gold Project has focused on the semi-nomadic herding system to support sustainable rangeland management and economic development. In its initial stages, the project experimented with Pasture-User Groups (PUGs) as an approach to mobilising local communities for sustainable range management. As of February 2014, the project had scaled up the community-based approach from five soums in 2009 to 91 soums in 2013 (out of a total of 330 soums nationwide).

Through collective-action approaches, the project is supporting herders’ sustainable pasture management and income-generating activities. Organised into self-governing institutions, herders are now increasingly assuming roles in rangeland management. Empowered by the project, the PUGs are competently negotiating Land Use Contracts (LUCs) with local governments and developing pasture-user plans and common pasture-management rules. Many PUG’s have also started to implement disaster risk-reduction measures and pasture-rehabilitation practices, such as hay making, rotational grazing and pasture resting.

Objectifs  : The main goal of the project is to help herders - organised through collective action - manage rangeland sustainably and have better access to technological knowledge management and markets.

Budget : Switzerland’s overall financial commitment to the improvement of Mongolia’s pasturelands - Green Gold - totals CHF 19,800,000

Coopération Suisse

Page publiée le 8 mars 2014, mise à jour le 15 mai 2019