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2014

Logistics Capacity Development : Post-Harvest Food Loss Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa through improved Storage and Handling at the start of the Supply Chain

Burkina Faso

Titre : Logistics Capacity Development : Post-Harvest Food Loss Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa through improved Storage and Handling at the start of the Supply Chain

Pays : Burkina Faso

Durée : February 2014 – February 2015

Contexte
Post-harvest food loss is one of the largest contributing factors to food insecurity in Africa, directly impacting the lives of millions of smallholder farming families every year. Although warnings have sounded regarding our global inability to feed a growing population by 2050, the answer does not solely and simply require an expansion of agricultural production. A sustainable solution to the threat of global food shortages will rely heavily on the preservation of existing food production ; a reduced loss of food. Global food production, supply and consumption systems are not functioning to optimal efficiency, with food losses in sub-Saharan Africa alone exceeding 30 percent of total crop production and representing more than USD$4 billion in value every year (FAO, 2011). These annual food losses far exceed the total amount of international food aid provided to sub-Saharan African countries each year. _ Smallholder farmers manage approximately 500 million small farms and provide over 80 percent of the total food consumed in sub-Saharan Africa. The highest area of food losses reported are pre-farm gate where poor harvesting, drying, processing and storage of crops occur. Clear precedent exists from other developing regions where improved farm management practices and storage technologies have resulted in dramatic food loss reductions and helped farmers to overcome the continual cycle of poverty (created by pressure to sell crops quickly when prices are low to avoid losses, only to buy grain later in the season at higher prices to meet their family’s consumption requirements).

Présentation
Through this Special Operation, the World Food Programme (WFP) is committed to continue working with Governments, Partners and its substantial network of Purchase for Progress (P4P) Farmer Organisations to improve post-harvest systems at the farm level, the critical entry point to minimizing food loss at the start of the supply chain. WFP maintains the primary focus must be on preserving existing food production. A reduction in the current food losses not only equates to millions of tonnes of additional food being available for consumption annually, but achieves this without incurring the additional labour, materials, resources and biofuel expansion required with increased production.

Objectifs
Specifically, this Special Operation aims to meet the following objectives :
(i) enhance the efficiencies of supply chains in sub-Saharan Africa, specifically Uganda and Burkina Faso, through logistics capacity development of farmers and access to new household storage technologies ;
(ii) reduce the post-harvest food losses in supported grain, pulse and legume supply chains, leading to increased household food security, nutrition and household income for participating farmers ;
(iii) increase the control for low-income farmers over the percentage of harvest retained and the timing of when excess product is sold.
(iv) increase the ability of low-income farmers and small/medium-scale traders to link to quality-oriented markets, thereby increasing the overall marketable grain quantities and improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa.

Activités
For this Special Operation, 41,000 smallholder farmers in Uganda and Burkina Faso will be provided with logistics capacity development (training), post-harvest handling equipment and subsidized hermetically sealed household storage units to facilitate preservation of crop quantities and directly contribute to higher volumes of quality grain traded through the network of collection points, warehouses and structured trading platforms already supported by WFP during the P4P pilot project and in support of the ongoing Country Programmes in each country. These initiatives will deliver material financial benefits, through increased household incomes, for the selected 41,000 smallholder farmers (reference paragraphs 38-40)

The target established for loss reduction is 50 percent of the current loss levels in the grain, pulse and legume value chains for all participating farmers (the current average loss of harvested crop is taken to be 30 percent in both Uganda and Burkina Faso).

Coût Total (United States dollars)  : Total cost to WFP : USD 8,990,907

Programme Alimentaire Mondial (WFP)

Page publiée le 18 mars 2014, mise à jour le 27 mai 2017