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2012

Assistance to Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons Affected by Insecurity in Mali

Regional (Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger)

Titre : Assistance to Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons Affected by Insecurity in Mali

Pays : Regional (Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger)

Durée : June - December 2012

Contexte
Following the outbreak of violence in the Gao, Kidal, and Timbuktu regions of Mali, hundreds of thousands of people have fled northern Mali and sought refuge with host communities and in refugee camps in neighbouring countries. According to the latest figures from the Office of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 160,000 Malians have sought refuge in Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger, while WFP estimates at 200,000 the number of are internally displaced in Mali. As conflict continues in northern Mali, the situation is expected to further deteriorate and pastoral populations are expected to migrate throughout the region in greater numbers. The situation has been exacerbated by an on-going food crisis in eight countries in the Sahel, including Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger. WFP estimates that 7 million people are in need of food assistance in these four countries and is responding to the drought through operations at the country level, guided by the WFP regional response framework for the Sahel.

Given the highly mobile nature of the displaced Malians and the regional implications, WFP has developed this regional emergency operation (EMOP) to provide urgent food and nutrition assistance to internally displaced and refugee populations. This operation covers Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger, and will enable WFP to provide urgent food and nutrition assistance to an estimated 300,000 internally displaced persons and 255,000 refugees fleeing the conflict in northern Mali. WFP has used the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs latest planning figures for refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) as a basis for its EMOP. Given the unpredictable and dynamic situation, the operation’s design also enables rapid response to changes in displacement flows, particularly further deterioration between July and December 2012.

Objectifs
This regional emergency operation (EMOP) will provide WFP flexibility in delivering urgent food assistance to an estimated 300,000 internally displaced people in Mali and 255,000 Malian refugees in neighbouring Mauritania, Burkina Faso, and Niger.

The EMOP’s specific objectives are to : * 1. prevent a deterioration in the food security status of Malian IDPs and refugees through targeted food distributions and/or cash transfers ; * 2. prevent deterioration of acute malnutrition among children aged 6-23 months from IDP and refugee populations through blanket supplementary feeding ; and * 3. treat moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children aged 6-59 months and PLW through targeted supplementary feeding.

Coût Total (United States dollars)
WFP food cost : 29,562,652
WFP cash cost : 8,640,000
Total cost to WFP : 78,884,181

Programme Alimentaire Mondial (WFP)

Page publiée le 18 mars 2014, mise à jour le 23 mai 2019