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2012

Food Assistance for Somali, Eritrean and Sudanese Refugees (Ethiopia)

Ethiopia

Titre : Food Assistance for Somali, Eritrean and Sudanese Refugees (Ethiopia)

Pays : Ethiopia

Durée : 1 April 2012–31 March 2015

Contexte
Ethiopia has been hosting refugees from neighbouring countries for three decades. Civil conflict and drought-induced famine remain the principal factors that drive refugees into Ethiopia. Over the past three years the number of refugees needing food assistance has increased threefold, to 420,000, and influxes of refugees are expected to continue. Most of the refugees are from Somalia, but there are also large numbers of Sudanese and Eritreans. This protracted relief and recovery operation continues WFP food assistance to meet the basic nutrition requirements of camp-based refugees. Its design is based on joint surveys and evaluation work, carried out in 2010 and 2011 by WFP, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Government of Ethiopia – through the Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs – and Médecins sans frontières.
A 2010 joint assessment reported a global acute malnutrition rate of less than 10 percent in most refugee camps, but a 2011 joint nutrition survey among Somali refugees in camps in the Dolo area reported global acute malnutrition rates of nearly 50 percent and severe acute malnutrition rates of 18 percent. The impact evaluation and the joint assessment mission acknowledge that refugees’ limited potential to achieve self-reliance leaves them mainly dependent on humanitarian assistance.

Présentation
WFP will continue to support refugees through general food distributions, supplementary feeding and school feeding. Blanket supplementary feeding will be introduced where global acute malnutrition rates exceed 15 percent. A small non-food intervention will support income-generating activities and environmental rehabilitation in refugee-affected areas, as recommended by both the evaluation and the joint assessment. In consultation with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs – the main cooperating partners in all refugee camps – WFP has extended its partnerships with non-governmental organizations, which now play a crucial role in implementing supplementary feeding and school feeding.

Objectifs
The overall objective of protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO) 200365 is to meet the basic nutrition needs of refugees. The specific objectives are to :  enable refugees to meet minimum levels of food security (Strategic Objective 1) ;  treat and reduce acute malnutrition in children, pregnant and lactating women (PLW) and other vulnerable refugees with special nutrition needs (Strategic Objective 1) ;  stabilize school enrolment of refugee girls and boys in WFP-assisted schools (Strategic Objective 3) ; and  increase livelihood opportunities in fragile transition situations for refugees and host communities (Strategic Objective 3).

Coût Total (United States dollars)
WFP food costs : 173,204,411
Total cost to WFP : 304,278,984

Programme Alimentaire Mondial (WFP)

Page publiée le 18 mars 2014, mise à jour le 12 août 2018