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2012

Saving lives and preventing acute malnutrition for crisis-affected populations in Niger

Niger

Titre : Saving lives and preventing acute malnutrition for crisis-affected populations in Niger

Pays : Niger

Durée : April -September 2012

Contexte
A severe food and nutrition crisis is currently unfolding in Niger. This is the result of a series of complex and interrelated shocks, specifically : i) significant cereal production deficits due to drought and pest infestation in Niger and the Sahel region ; ii) an early and steady rise in cereal prices ; iii) poor livestock-to-cereals terms of trade, linked to pasture degradation ; and iv) the loss of economic opportunities and the displacement of households linked to insecurity in the Sahel region. The situation of children is of particular concern, as the high prevalence of acute malnutrition - that approaches critical levels during the lean season even during normal years - is at risk of deteriorating rapidly.

By April 2012, 3.5 million Nigeriens – 22 percent of the population – are projected to be severely food-insecure, and 2.9 million moderately food-insecure. The affected populations are in an exceptionally fragile condition and will require targeted relief assistance in order to survive the lean season. This has been confirmed by three independent assessments : i) the government-led vulnerability assessment (November-December 2011) ; ii) the joint Save the Children/ECHO/WFP consumption analysis (January 2012) ; and iii) the food security and market evaluation led by the Permanent Inter-States Committee to Fight Drought in Sahel (January 2012). Life-saving food security and nutrition support will be crucial to addressing acute needs during the April-September 2012 lean season.
WFP will adopt a comprehensive and coherent approach to respond to the needs of vulnerable households. For severely food-insecure households whose cereal stocks have been exhausted before the onset of the lean season, targeted food assistance will be in the form of cash or food to improve consumption, the appropriate transfer modality depending on markets and food availability. A gradual scale-up of WFP’s response is planned between April and June. Blanket supplementary feeding will provide fortified and blended nutritious products to children 6-23 months and lactating women to stabilize and prevent acute malnutrition. By implementing targeted food assistance and blanket supplementary feeding in parallel, household food security will be strengthened and ration sharing will be reduced, maximizing the impact of nutrition support.
While responding to the crisis during the 2012 lean season through a short, targeted emergency operation, WFP will continue to strengthen household resilience through targeted supplementary feeding, livelihood recovery activities, rehabilitation of assets, cereal banks, and school feeding under its on-going protracted relief and recovery operation and country programme

Objectifs
In line with the 2008-2013 WFP Strategic Plan, the EMOP will contribute to Strategic Objective 1 (“Save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies”) specifically to :
1. Stabilize and prevent acute malnutrition in targeted crisis-affected populations, focusing on the 1,000-day window of opportunity from conception to 2 years.
2. Improve food consumption among populations whose food security and nutrition status have been affected by a complex and severe slow-onset crisis and who are unable to meet basic food needs during the lean season.

Coût Total (United States dollars)
WFP food costs : US$79,696,445 _ WFP cash cost : US$43,666,981
Total cost to WFP : US$235,252,398

Programme Alimentaire Mondial (WFP)

Page publiée le 18 mars 2014, mise à jour le 22 mai 2019