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2013

Strengthening Food and Nutrition Security and Enhancing Resilience (Somalia)

Somalie

Titre : Strengthening Food and Nutrition Security and Enhancing Resilience (Somalia)

Pays : Somalia

Durée : 2013–2015

Contexte
Somalia is one of the poorest and most food-insecure countries in the world ; it has some of the worst development indicators and is often portrayed as “the most failed state”. Of the population of 7.5 million, 43 percent live on less than US$1 per day. Unlike neighbouring countries, Somalia has been unable to invest consistently in basic services, agriculture and safety nets. Somalia has not had a functioning central government since 1991. The recent election of the first President in 20 years to lead a new Government is the end of the Roadmap for Ending the Transition and an opportunity to consolidate the partnership with the international community and with the various regional administrations.

Somaliland and Puntland have lower levels of vulnerability as a result of greater stability and improved governance. Central Somalia suffers from frequent and severe seasonal shocks. Areas in the south have weak government structures and more diverse livelihoods. Security has improved in Mogadishu, but it remains a challenging operational environment. An estimated 1.4 million internally displaced people – one of the world’s highest concentrations – include pastoral dropouts who are adopting different livelihoods, people escaping conflict and people seeking access to social services or humanitarian support. Their different needs influence the type and level of humanitarian response.

Objectifs
The operation will target up to 2.9 million people over three years with food and voucher and cash transfers. It has the following objectives :
1. enhance the resilience of communities through food for assets and enhanced partnerships – Strategic Objective 2 ;
2. rebuild household food and nutrition security with preventive and therapeutic interventions, school meals and food for assets – Strategic Objective 3 ; and
3. protect livelihoods during shocks and seasonal vulnerability through nutritional support and targeted relief, as appropriate – Strategic Objective 1.

It will also enhance capacities to address acute hunger in disasters and will build ministerial capacities with a view to eventual hand-over, addressing Strategic Objective 5.

Coût Total (United States dollars)
WFP food costs : 311,675,399
WFP cash/voucher cost : 42,115,272
Total cost to WFP : 862,886,857

Programme Alimentaire Mondial (WFP)

Page publiée le 19 mars 2014, mise à jour le 16 mai 2019