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Provision of Humanitarian Air Services in the Republic of South Sudan (ROSS)

South Sudan

Titre : Provision of Humanitarian Air Services in the Republic of South Sudan (ROSS)

Pays : South Sudan

Durée : 01st January 2013 to 31st December 2013

According to the latest United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) statistics, thirty separate relief operations were underway across 51 of the nation’s 79 counties by November 2012. As of October, food security and livelihoods partners had supported more than 2.1 million people ; more than 700,000 malnourished children had been given lifesaving nutritional treatment ; health partners had carried out 2 million consultations ; nearly 55,000 conflict- and natural disaster-affected, and returnees households had received essential household items ; and about 664,000 people had improved access to potable water. In many cases humanitarian partners exceeded original planning targets as they stepped up to meet increased needs.

Humanitarian needs will remain high in South Sudan throughout 2013. Without a resolution to the conflict in Sudan’s South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, more people will likely seek refuge in South Sudan. Food insecurity is expected to affect up to 4.6 million people in 2013, with about 2.3 million in need of direct food assistance. Though these numbers remain close to 2012 levels, they anticipate a slight stabilization in food insecurity in 2013. Humanitarian partners expect lower numbers of South Sudanese to return home from Sudan than in previous years - up to 125,000 people.


The humanitarian operating environment has become increasingly challenging in the South, with active hostilities and military interference in aid operations compounding existing, significant logistical obstacles to operations. Humanitarian partners recorded numerous incidents in which state actors interfered with relief operations or restricted the movement of humanitarian personnel and supplies in 2011 and 2012. However, humanitarian partners will continue to work closely with the GoSS in order to improve the operating environment in the South and with governments in both countries regarding access to the formerly-named transitional areas.

Within the current context of the overall situation in South Sudan, the services of provided by UNHAS are essential ; the significant size of the humanitarian aid community working in South Sudan combined with, a precarious security situation which allows only extremely limited access by surface means, demands a continued and augmented humanitarian air transport capacity. Compounding the situation is the annual rainy season, when due to limited access by surface means, air transport becomes the only viable transport option available. Domestic commercial air transport is not available to most of the locations where the humanitarian community needs to travel and where the limited existing service is unreliable and/or where compliance with maintenance and safety regulations cannot be guaranteed.

In addition, access by road is traditionally cut off to many locations during the wet months due to the extensive lack of adequate road infrastructure in the region. The demand for WFP/UNHAS services by humanitarian agencies to reach remote location can be achieved very often only by air as insecurity on the roads, particularly in conflict affected areas, hampered access via land routes.

The objectives of this Special Operation are :
1. to provide a reliable, safe, efficient and cost-effective inter-agency air transport service to over 230 UN agencies, NGOs, diplomatic mission and donor organizations providing humanitarian assistance to, but not limited to, refugees, host populations and IDPs in ROSS ;
2. to transport light relief items and cargo such as medical supplies, high energy foods and ICT equipment ; and
3. to provide timely evacuations (medical and security) for the humanitarian community in South Sudan.

Coût Total (United States dollars)
Total cost to WFP : US$ 40,292,027

Programme Alimentaire Mondial (WFP)

Page publiée le 19 mars 2014, mise à jour le 17 mai 2019