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Shihezi University (2013)

The Study of Asteraceae Plant and Seed Morphology in Oasis and Desert of Shihezi

杜珍珠; Du Zhen Zhu

Titre : The Study of Asteraceae Plant and Seed Morphology in Oasis and Desert of Shihezi

Auteur : 杜珍珠; Du Zhen Zhu

Grade : Master’s Theses 2013

Université : Shihezi University

Résumé
The Shihezi Oasis-desert area located intersection area where is between low mountain desert of thenorthern slope of Tianshan Mountains and the west of Southern Junggar Basin-Gurbantunggutdesert,Manas River runs through the zone. The scope of its political subdivisions, including Shihezi urbanareas, Shihezi reclamation (around18Farms and Shihezi Township) and Manas, Shawan County adjacentand alternate them in a small area. The most northern150mission of Mosuowan deep into China’s secondlargest desert-the Gurbantunggut desert which field from southeast to northwest direction about60km,result in the area become longest natural vertical distribution between the low mountains of the northernslope of Tianshan and Gurbantunggut desert hinterland, length of about150km, width of110km. Theaverage span of1100-300meters above sea level from south to north. The habitat of plants is more diverse,and composed of more diverse characteristics.The Research is about morphological taxonomy of Asteraceae plants in Shihezi Oasis-desert area.Based on morphological taxonomy to analyze species diversity, Including families and generacomposition,life forms, ecological and floristic geographical elements characteristics. In addition to, wealso studied morphological taxonomy of seeds,taxonomic characters, grain weight and preliminaryresearch of seeds and ecological types,life forms.Our research not only contribute to supplement newcontent and new materiais about Asteraceae botany research in Shihezi Oasis-desert area, but alsoproviding some benefical references and theoretical basis about the ecosystem of the region, protection ofspecies diversity, rational use of resources.Studies have shown that:1)There are46genera,92species,7variaties of Asteraceae (not including cultivation) in Shihezi Oasis-desert area, accounted for40%of genera and17.10%of species in Xinjiang.One of them belongs to thenew record genus and four of them belongs to the new record plants from Xinjiang, they are Erigeronannuus (L.) Pers., Xanthium italicum Moretti, Xanthium spinosum L.,Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz et Pav.,and Galinsoga Ruiz et Pav. is the new record genus in Xinjiang.2) There are8tribes of Asteraceae in area.Number of species of Cichorieae Spreng,Cynareae Less.,Anthemideae Cass.of asteraceae plants are more, a total of30genera(65.22%),68species(73.91%) andconstitute the main component of the Asteraceae flora in tribe level.Followed by tribe Astereae, tribe Inuleae, tribe Heliantheae. Tribe Senecioneae and tribe Echinopeae is the least. The single genera andfewer genera are large proportion of flora of the area Asteraceae.It’s a total of43genera(93.48%),72species(78.26%), diverse genera is only3genera and20species.The geographical elements of genera are abundant in the area.They are divided into8types and5variants,which are dominated by Old World Temperate and variants a total of15genera(37.5%),followed Medit.,W.to C.Asia a total of11genera (27.5%),finally followed North Temperate andvariants a total of8genera (20%).The life forms are diveded into5styles, which are dominated by hemicryptophytes(27.17%) andtherophytes(41.30%).

Mots clés : Asteraceae; biodiversity; Oasis and Desert of Shihezi; seed; morphology

Présentation (CNKI)

Page publiée le 29 mars 2014, mise à jour le 17 avril 2018