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University of Arizona (2013)

Lag Time Characteristics of Small Arid and Semiarid Watersheds in the Southwestern United States

Garcia Mendoza, Jesus Guillermo

Titre : Lag Time Characteristics of Small Arid and Semiarid Watersheds in the Southwestern United States

Auteur : Garcia Mendoza, Jesus Guillermo

Université de soutenance : University of Arizona

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2013

Résumé
An evaluation for Lag time, defined as the time from the centroid of rainfall excess to the centroid of direct runoff, was performed for seven small watersheds in the Southwestern United States. The size of these watersheds range in size from 0.33 to 4.37 ha. The evaluation period goes from 2000 to 2010. This evaluation was compared versus 28 lag time equations.The USDA-ARS Southwest Watershed Research Center has developed an electronic data processing system where rainfall and runoff data is collected from sensors in the field and are transmitted to computers in the office.Prior to these data sets there were no measurable rainfall and runoff data. This digital data is generated by means of synchronized clocks in rain gages and flumes. As a result, the data from this electronic processing system offers a unique opportunity for hydrologic research. This infrastructure is a characteristic not often available in many other sites and a condition not enjoyed in previous investigations.There are several definitions of lag time depending on what particular time period is used to describe the occurrence of unit rainfall and runoff. But, time parameters currently lack commonly-accepted standard definitions.The various definitions for time parameters such as Lag Time, Time of Concentration, Time to Peak, Equilibrium Time and others, sometimes, are used interchangeably. Another aspect is that in Lag time determination, centers of mass play a critical role. This study found out that depending of the loss model chosen to estimate rainfall excess, it shall influence the determination of center of mass and hence the lag time.Some negative values were obtained for lag time when measured from peak of runoff to centroid of effective rainfall. However, in the lag time definition from centroid of effective rainfall to centroid of direct runoff, negative values were not obtained.One field in particular, time parameters currently lacks commonly-accepted standard definitions. This has become a source of profound confusion in this branch of science to the point where teams of scientists writing about and discussing hydrological Time Parameters can be compared to the aftermath at the Tower of Babel

Subject : Centers of Mass ; Lag Time ; Southwestern United States ; Time of Concentration ; Time Parameters ; Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering ; Arid lands

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Page publiée le 13 avril 2014, mise à jour le 7 octobre 2017