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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Australie → 2004 → Modelling the flow regime of arid zone, floodplain rivers

University of Melbourne (2004)

Modelling the flow regime of arid zone, floodplain rivers

Costelloe, Justin

Titre : Modelling the flow regime of arid zone, floodplain rivers

Auteur : Costelloe, Justin

Université de soutenance : University of Melbourne,

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy PhD 2004

Résumé
The requirements of ecological studies and water resource management plans are driving demand for hydrological models of the rivers of the arid zone. Knowledge of the hydrology of Australia’s arid zone is poor, yet is critical in understanding the ecology of the region. The research presented in this thesis seeks to address some shortcomings in our understanding of the hydrology of the Australian arid zone. In particular, the research examines the requirements for modelling the flow regime of arid zone rivers, concentrating on the rivers of the Lake Eyre Basin (LEB). The LEB has exceptionally low annual runoff of 3.5 mm, its major rivers develop over extremely low gradients and are characterised by very wide floodplains and complex anastomosing flow paths in their mid to lower reaches. This research was driven by both a practical and theoretical impetus. Practically, hydrological data were required at the waterbody scale for a large number of sites across three river systems of the LEB, for use in a study, known as ARIDFLO, of the ecological responses to hydrological conditions. Because of the remoteness of these sites and the paucity of gauging stations on these rivers, modelling of the rivers was the only method for delivering the required discharge data. Theoretically, the challenge was set for creating hydrological models for some extraordinarily complex river systems, in terms of their size, catchment characteristics and flow regime variability

Mots clés : conceptual rainfall-runoff model • Lake Eyre Basin

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