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Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari (IAMB) 2006

Effect of saline irrigation water and drought on soil salinity, nitrogen uptake water consumption, and yield of durum wheat

Al Sayed Mohamed, Khaled Abdel Basset

Titre : Effect of saline irrigation water and drought on soil salinity, nitrogen uptake water consumption, and yield of durum wheat

Auteur : Al Sayed Mohamed, Khaled Abdel Basset

Etablissement de soutenance : Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo di Bari (IAMB) - Centre international de hautes études agronomiques méditerranéennes (CIHEAM)

Diplôme : Master of science : Land and water resource management : irrigated agriculture 2006

Résumé
Soil water sampling and salt balance were used for determining soil salinity. Soil water sampling underestimates soil salinity, as soil water is mainly extracted from large pores immediately after irrigation and does not correspond with average soil water. However, the ion concentrations obtained from soil water sampling can be corrected and compared with those of the salt balance. The comparison indicated precipitation of calcium, magnesium carbonate and sodium adsorption. Nitrogen concentration of soil water decreased with depth and with time. The same was observed for stems and leaves of the investigated durum wheat but not for the grains as it increased. The nitrogen balance showed lower plant uptake than the net nitrogen supply. Salinity affected significantly the yield of grain and straw above ECe threshold value of 5.8 dS/m. In addition drought resulted in further reduction with nearly equal values like salinity in both straw yield and grain production.

Mots-clés : DURUM WHEAT SALT TOLERANCE SOIL WATER RELATIONS SALINE WATER DROUGHT NITROGEN YIELDS

Présentation (IAMB Library)

Page publiée le 14 juin 2014, mise à jour le 4 décembre 2017