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Accueil du site → Master → France → 2008 → Rain water harvesting in Ethiopia : technical and socio-economic potentials and constraints for adoption in Wukro district.

Irc Montpellier SupAgro Institut des régions chaudes (2008)

Rain water harvesting in Ethiopia : technical and socio-economic potentials and constraints for adoption in Wukro district.

Tesfay Neguse Haile

Titre : Rain water harvesting in Ethiopia : technical and socio-economic potentials and constraints for adoption in Wukro district.

Auteur : Tesfay Neguse Haile

Etablissement de soutenance : Irc Montpellier SupAgro Institut des régions chaudes

Diplôme : Master of Science Européen Agris Mundus en Développement Agricole Durable (2008)

Résumé
Since the last few decades, rain water harvesting techniques have been used in arid and semi-arid parts of the world and promising results have been achieved in terms of increasing the yield under the low rainfall conditions. However, despite the economic viability and potential of the technology for improving agricultural productivity and livelihoods, the adoption of the technology by farmers is not satisfactory. This study was undertaken in Negash and Mahbereweyni Peasant Association’s of Wukro district with the objectives of determining the major technical and socio-economic factors influencing farmers’ decisions on adoption for RWH techniques and of making a cost-benefit analysis for major types of RWH structures. To achieve the first objective of the study, field surveys and transect walks, structured and semi-structured interviews, farmer group meetings and interviews with key informants’ were undertaken. Households were categorized based on their wealth status and gender of household head and using a random sampling method a sample of 100 households were taken from the two Tabia’s. A descriptive statistical analysis approach was used for assessing the real causes of low adoption rates for RWH techniques in the district specifically, the data which contain information regarding household’s socioeconomic characteristics and human capital information. For the financial cost benefit analysis, the Benefit-Cost Ratio (B/C) and Net Present Value (NPV) were used as the main criteria for ranking the different types of RWH technologies based on their financially feasibility. The results obtained show that poor capital and human endowment, lack of access to credit, involvement in off-farm activities, negative perception, gender issues, seepage, sedimentation, inaccessibility of construction materials, lack of technical know how, poor water extraction and application methodologies are among the factors that negatively influence adoption of RWH technologies. Level of education and involvement in social responsibilities were found to be positively influencing the adoption of the technologies. For a better adoption of these technologies and for improving farmers’ income critical measures should be taken on creating awareness of the people, providing technical and institutional support , promoting only technology with higher financial feasibility, timely supply of construction material technologies, empowering female headed households and design and develop alternative policy instruments which are accountable to the farmers.

Sujet : Culture pluviale ; Aridoculture ; Eau de pluie ; Eau disponible ; Gestion des eaux ; Stockage d’eau ; Hydraulique agricole ; Méthode d’irrigation ; Adoption de l’innovation ; Structure de production ; Évaluation des technologies ; Évaluation de l’impact ; Ethiopie - Wukro

Présentation (Montpellier Sup Agro)

Page publiée le 3 juillet 2014, mise à jour le 25 décembre 2017