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Rehabilitation of Hirgigo Mangrove Forests and Improving Communitis’ Livelihood (Eritrea)


Titre : Rehabilitation of Hirgigo Mangrove Forests and Improving Communitis’ Livelihood (Eritrea)

Pays : Erythrée

N° projet  : ERI/SGP/OP4/Y2/CORE/2009/01

Durée : Start Date : 10/2009 End Date : 11/2010

The project location is in the intertidal/shoreline areas of the Hirgigo Village. It is located about six km South East of the port city of Massawa. The Hirgigo inhabitants have a mixed mode of livelihood of fishing and pastoralism. This makes them closely dependent on the well-being of natural resources like mangrove forest that supports the productivity of subsistence fishing, and serving as grazing site for livestock (sheep, goats and camels). Recent assessments indicate about 85% of the country’s mangrove forest has been degraded, the shoreline area (75 ha) around Hirgigo village being the hardest hit. This condition has heavily affected the daily activities of the residents, who work as fishermen and pastoralists. Loss of the mangrove habitat forced them to spend greater time and effort to get the same catch. Furthermore, the situation led herders to spend 6 months of a year away from their village in search of food for their livestock. Cumulatively, their basic livelihood systems deteriorated, obliged to adapt a nomadic life style making sedentary life with access to basic social services difficult.

Résumé du projet
The overall objective is to rehabilitate and stabilize the mangrove ecosystems within three km coastline extension and contribute to the biodiversity conservation of associated faunal and floral communities. Secondary objective will include strengthening the pastoral and fisheries based livelihoods of Hirgigo inhabitants by rehabilitating the resource base of Mangrove forests through low-tech approaches, and the integration of direct community and the global environmental benefits.
This project will address afforestation of degraded mangrove ecosystem through community-based initiatives and restoration of lost habitats coupled with sustainable management practice and through enhancing of community’s awareness on the values of mangrove forests, capacity building on development/enforcement Community based Mangrove utilization and Management bylaw.
The community will participate in seed collection, preparation of land, planting and thorough follow-up throughout the project management cycle. Women headed households are well embedded in the project design to benefit from provision of mangrove animal fodder for livestock and job opportunities.

Grant Amount : US$ 26,378.40
Co-Financing Cash : US$ 13,469.40
Co-Financing in-Kind : US$ 12,911.20

Bénéficiaire  : Manzanar Foundation

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 19 septembre 2014, mise à jour le 15 avril 2018