Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Chine → 2008 → Deserts and Desertification Area Mode of suitable living environment

Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology (2008)

Deserts and Desertification Area Mode of suitable living environment

Tan Qi Sheng

Titre : Deserts and Desertification Area Mode of suitable living environment

Auteur : Tan Qi Sheng

Grade : Master’s Theses 2008

Université : Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology

Résumé
With the increasingly aggravation of population expansion, resource exploitation and land desertification, more and more people are facing the problem of living and subsistence in arid region. While the present mode of many human dwelling district in arid region are not harmonious with the natural environment, it used to ignore the particular natural environment of the arid region, depend excessively on resource input and energy consumption, and tried to fight against the severe climate and geographical environment with human force only. this results in ecological deterioration and great depletion of resources and even threatening to the health and subsistence of human self.On the basis of extensive investigation and thorough research of the traditional mode of human dwelling district in arid region and the present study and innovation in this regards, through summing-up and improving, this thesis extracts the appropriate technique which was used in traditional human dwelling district and is proved being still valuable so far, integrates with the latest academic achievements in ecological architecture design and merges with modern materials, technique and construction methods, probes a set of appropriate mode of human dwelling district in arid region. It provides a systematic and referential guiding ideology for the human dwelling environment design in arid region. Further more, by means of investigation and analysis on the living bases of oil fields circumjacent to the Junggar Basin in Xinjiang Province, it summarizes the evolutionary track for half a century, compares it with the proposed appropriate mode of human dwelling district in arid region, points out the disadvantages of the former and indicate the direction of plan and design for the oil field living bases in these region and other arid regions ; It also provides a referential guiding mode for rebuilding and reconstruction of the traditional villages and towns in Northwest China which can help people to be better adaptive to arid environment and avoid the dilemma of expelling by desert.Firstly it states the situational meaning of human subsistence in arid region, delimits the object of study and defines the objective, meaning and approach of the study ; Secondly it summarizes the traditional mode of human dwelling district in arid region from six aspects, then it elaborates the research conclusions and innovative achievements on appropriate mode of human dwelling district in arid region of Chinese and overseas scholars and contemporary architects in terms of theoretical exploration and modern practice ; Basing on these, it generalizes the appropriate mode from five aspects of site selection & plan, neighborhoods design & urban cells layout, architectural design, material selection & structural system, ancillary facility & service system design. And then it takes the living bases of oil fields circumjacent to the Junggar Basin in Xinjiang Province as the example, analyses the design mode evolution and existing problems at present of the living base of oil fields in the arid regions of Northwest China, indicates the problems and the improving direction in the future

Mots clés : Arid Region Human Dwelling District Appropriate Mode Pilot Study

Présentation (Dissertation topics)

Page publiée le 31 octobre 2014, mise à jour le 5 décembre 2017