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Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Iran → Restoration and management of CCAs (Community Conserved Areas) through conservation of biodiversity in the territory of Takle tribe, Shahsavan Confederacy (Iran)

2012

Restoration and management of CCAs (Community Conserved Areas) through conservation of biodiversity in the territory of Takle tribe, Shahsavan Confederacy (Iran)

Iran

Titre : Restoration and management of CCAs (Community Conserved Areas) through conservation of biodiversity in the territory of Takle tribe, Shahsavan Confederacy (Iran)

Pays : Iran

N° projet  : IRA/SGP/OP5/STAR/BD/12/25(164)

Durée : Start Date : 7/2012 End Date : 4/2014

Résumé du projet
Takle, one of the 32 tribes of the Shahsavan tribal confederacy in Iranian Azerbaijan covers a territory of about 12,000 hectares and extends from Mount Savalán as summering grounds to Moghan Plain as wintering grounds. The social structure of this tribal community includes 5 sub-tribes, 12 clans and 57 nomadic camps. Takle has a re-habilitated Council of Elders and is registered in its own name together with the associated community sustainable livelihood and reinvestment fund.
Using the above-mentioned Decree, parts of the ancestral tribal territory are being allocated to outsiders and government or private projects such as road construction, urban extensions, private agriculture, military bases, refineries and factories. Even parts of the tribal migratory routes have been completely occupied making it nearly impossible for seasonal migration—despite a strong law which “strictly” prohibits any change of land use in the migration territory of nomadic tribes. This has forced parts of the tribe to adopt mechanised transportation for their flocks in place of the much healthier migration on foot, and for their belongings in place of using the uniquely well-adapted endemic Bactrian camels.
On the other hand invasion of outsiders into the territory with no sense of belonging accelerates the degradation of nature and its resources. They collect, use and destroy the rangeland plants with no care and have been driving many of the endemic plants of the territory into extinction. One specific consequence of this degradation of the environment took place 5 years ago when disastrous floods were unleashed which destroyed the main riverbed and the rainbow trout which is the main native fish species. Following the disappearance of the trout the brown bear lost its main food source and left the area to find food elsewhere. This fish was also a main source of livelihood for the indigenous community.
The project aims to conserve and restore the Takle CCA and improve sustainable livelihoods in their ancestral territory. This will entail the restoration and rehabilitation of key elements of the ecosystem including rainbow trout, brown bear, Bactrian camel, as well as important endangered medicinal plants and rangeland species such as an indigenous variety of camomile. A return to customary management practices, revival of traditional knowledge and their enforcement is intended to restore the balance of the ecosystems of the tribal territory so that endangered species are restored and the risk of environmental disasters such as uncontrolled floods are averted.

Financement
Grant Amount : US$ 25,000.00
Co-Financing Cash : US$ 95,000.00
Co-Financing in-Kind : US$ 25,000.00

Bénéficiaire  : SANDOGHE SHORAYE MAIESHAT PAYDAR TAYEFE TAKLE

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 2 octobre 2014, mise à jour le 17 avril 2018