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2006

Koochi Nomads Development Project (Pakistan)

Pakistan

Titre : Koochi Nomads Development Project (Pakistan)

Pays : Pakistan

N° projet  : PAK/OP3/06/21

Durée : Start Date : 12/2006 End Date : 5/2008

Contexte
These Afghan nomad tribes are known in local languages as the Koochis or Pawandahs. They are the largest migratory people on earth. According to 1980 statistics, their population was estimated to be 2.5 million (according to the National Geographic Magazine article of 1980). From April 1978 till date, Afghanistan is passing through the trauma of occupation and wars. Therefore, latest statistics are not available. They are ethnically from the Pashtun stock and their main tribe is called Ghalzi or Ghalji. There are dozens of sub-tribes and hundreds of sub-sub tribes and clans. In over 500 years of muslim Pashtun rule over India, the Ghaljis ruled over Northern India (Delhi Sultanate) from 1290 AD to 1320 AD and were known as the Khilji dynasty. Before them, the Ghaznavid and Ghori dynasty conquests and rule started in the year 970 AD. Ghalji’s are one of the most colorful people on earth. They are known world wide for their culture, women’s dresses, trinkets, embroidery , chivalry and male warrior dances. Many folk songs, poetry and novels are written on them in Pakistan and Afghanistan. From centuries, their survival depended on flocks of sheep or goats. To chase greener pastures, they migrate in autumn from colder regions of Afghanistan towards southern Afghanistan but along the route, nearly 40-60 % cross over the border through several (12-15) mountain passes into Pakistan, which shares a border of approximately 1500 km. Of these, the nomads crossing points stretch up to approximately 900 km in both N.W.F.P and Balochistan. Due to consistent war in Afghanistan and armed clashes in the tribal area, it cannot be verified how many of them cross over into Pakistan now and how many do not return to Afghanistan at all due to insecurity there.

Résumé du projet
Project Objectives : 1 To conduct a thorough study on Afghan Koochi nomads entering Pakistan and the impact of their presence on the environment. 2 Immediate Objective is to recommend measures to be taken so that the environmental damage can be controlled in addition to developing and testing an initial social mobilization contact

Anticipated Results
This research will provide the base line information to plan a comprehensive programme of implementation in 2008 which can address the issues highlighted and try to bring relief with positive interventions. These will have a positive impact on their social, economic and financial well being. In exchange for these interventions, undertakings and agreements can be made with these tribes that they will not damage the environment of the host country.
It will also help in peaceful sharing of grazing land and water resources by all stakeholders by understanding each other’s difficulties, constraints and problems.
As no such in-depth study has been conducted on these indigenous people in the past in Pakistan, therefore, a lot of important information is anticipated to come to the fore.

Financement
Grant Amount : US$ 49,586.77
Co-Financing in-Kind : US$ 38,776.85

Bénéficiaire  : Zareef Khan Foundation

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 16 octobre 2014, mise à jour le 12 avril 2018