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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2010)

Compliance and enforcement of wastewater regulation in Zimbabwe : the case studie of Khami dam

Mandizvidza C.

Titre : Compliance and enforcement of wastewater regulation in Zimbabwe : the case studie of Khami dam

Auteur : Mandizvidza C.

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science 2010

Résumé
The city of Bulawayo in which the Khami catchment is found is characterized by a semi-arid climatic regime and there is a shortage of drinking water. The booming industrial sector led to the pollution of the Khami dam hence its decommissioning in 1988 thus compounding the problem of drinking water shortages. The aim of this research was to assess the level of compliance among the regulated polluters and also the effectiveness of enforcement by the regulating authority culminating in the identification of the factors which positively affect compliance and enforcement as well as the factors which negatively affect compliance and enforcement. The Table of the Eleven methodology which was developed by the Dutch ministry of justice was employed. Two questionnaires which were mirror images of each other and based on the Table of Eleven questions were administered to ten agents from the target group (industries) and to nine enforcement agents from the Environmental Management Agency and the local authority. Field observations were also done in which the researcher was a non participant observer. The iT-11 version was then used to process the data and two outputs were produced which are compliance profile and compliance estimates. The compliance profile showed the factors strongly encouraging compliance, weakly encouraging compliance, strongly encouraging violation and strongly encouraging violation.The compliance estimates showed the different categories in which the target group can be placed. The level of compliance was found to be low-40% (Target group perspective). The general lack of acceptance of the policy objectives was found to be the major factor hindering compliance. In order to improve the situation many recommendations were made some of which are the introduction of subsidies and incentives to the target group, enhancing stakeholder participation in policy formulation, making sanctions more deterrent and improving the access to technology on cleaner production.

Mots clés : wastewater ; regulations ; catchment areas ; compliance ; Zimbabwe ; case studies

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Page publiée le 25 décembre 2014, mise à jour le 17 octobre 2018