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Iowa State University (1979)

Agricultural development in Iran : evaluation of state planning and policies in relation to agriculture

Rezazadeh Farhad

Titre : Agricultural development in Iran : evaluation of state planning and policies in relation to agriculture

Auteur : Rezazadeh Farhad

Université de soutenance : Iowa State University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1979

The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the performance and prospects of the agr.cultural sector in Iran. Two particular propositions underly the main thesis of this study : (1) the pursuit of the economic growth theories with their particular emphasis on industrialization has led to the economic anarchy and instability of the Iranian economy and the poor performance of the agricultural sector ; (2) governmenis in developing countries do not necessarily play a positive role in the development and the tranformation of the society and can often become a deterrent to modernization. The study is conducted by examining and analyzing the nature of tlie Iranian agriculture and government planning and policies in relation to this sector. Chapter 1 provides a brief review and a critical analysis of economic theories of development as well as identifying those which were pursued in Iran. Chapter 2 provides a background to the Iranian agricultural resources and production. Geography and climate, human, land, and water resources, and the major crops of the Iranian agriculture are among the topics discussed in this chapter. Chapter 3 provides an overview of the Iranian economy, its growth and performance, and role of the oil industry both in terms of its impact on the GNP as well as government develop ment strategies. Also discussed in Chapter 3 are various government plans, its allocation of resources among the major sectors, and its objectives and priorities within the agricultural sector. Chapter 4 examines various government reform measures regarding the structure of farming and their objectives and accomplishments. Particular attention is given to the Iranian Land Reform (1952-71), its impact on landownership, rural population, and the size of farms. Other government programs regarding farm organizations, distribution of credit, and infrastructure are alsc discussed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 examines the performance of the agricultural sector. Among topics discussed are government production targets and growth rates and their actual realization ; supply and distribution of agricultural inputs and its impact on production ; and the increasing gap between the domestic supply and demand and the government’s import policies. Chapter 6 attempts to analyze government pricing policies, minimum price guaranties and its impact on production, and government purchasing programs and performance of agricultural output. Chapter 7 examines other general government objectives in the agricultural sector and their actual realization. These include distribution of income, agricultural services and education, and health and nutrition. Chapter 8 provides the concluding remarks as well as exploring the future prospects of the rural sector.


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