Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Etats Unis → 2004 → Institutional development of Water Users Associations in Kyrgyzstan

Rochester Institute of Technology (2004)

Institutional development of Water Users Associations in Kyrgyzstan

Alymbaeva Aida

Titre : Institutional development of Water Users Associations in Kyrgyzstan

Auteur : Alymbaeva Aida

Université de soutenance : Rochester Institute of Technology

Grade : Master of Science, Technology and Public Policy (MS) 2004

Résumé
Irrigation is of great importance for the agriculturally-predominant country of Kyrgyzstan, and the adequate operation and maintenance (O&M) of irrigation systems is required to support agricultural productivity in the country. A process of irrigation management transfer from the government to farm-based Water Users Associations (WUAs) has been pursued in the country for about a decade, but the results of institutionalization of WUAs are mixed. This thesis aims to explore the factors enabling the development of WUAs to manage O&M of irrigation infrastructure and ensure equitable and reliable water distribution to farmers. The research results show that WUAs are still too institutionally and financially fragile to secure the long-term physical sustainability of on-farm irrigation structures and reliable water distribution. The absence of the rule of law, financial and management incapability of WUAs, ignorance of water users about WUAs and their mandate, inactive participation of farmers and their lack of commitment to contribute to organizational initiatives, among other factors, are concluded to be core elements jeopardizing the development of WUAs. Based on this analysis, recommendations for sustainable development of these farm-based water management organizations are provided.

Présentation

Version intégrale

Page publiée le 3 février 2015, mise à jour le 20 décembre 2018