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King Abdulaziz University (2009)

Household solid waste in Mecca (study in Environmental Geography)


Titre : Household solid waste in Mecca (study in Environmental Geography)


Université de soutenance : King Abdulaziz University

Grade : Master 2009

This research approaches studying the methods followed for collecting, transferring and disposal of the house solid wastes, in Makkah Al-Mukaramah City, for a selected sample of districts, including Ajyad, Al-Ma’abdah, Koz Al-Nakkasa, Al-Hamra and Al-Naseem districts. This research has a number of objectives, the most important of which are identifying the most proper method of wastes’ disposal, in away that ensures population’s health and environment conservation ; identifying the effect of geographic factors - natural and human in increasing the wastes’ quantity ; and exhibiting the effect of the districts’ topographic relief on the speed of wastes’ disposal in these districts. The study, is based generally on the quantitative and quantitative analysis. methodology, depending on a number of statistic methods. Besides, the researcher adopted some scientific techniques in her survey, such as distributing questionnaires and holding interviews. In addition, the researcher collected the information from its primary sources, such as the reports issued by Dallah Cleaning Co., in Makkah Al-Mukaramah. She also made field visits to the area under study, in Makkah Al-Mukaramah. The peresent study consists of four chapters as follows : Chapter I highlight the physical characteristics of the area study.Chapter II dealt with the properties of the solid house wastes in the study area. Chapter III discussed the effect of physical and human factors on the quantity of solid wastes in Makkah Al-Mukaramah. Chapter IV aimed at identifying integral management methods of house wastes, starting from the collection process and ending with the disposal and recycling process. The present study came out with many results. Most important are : 40 % of the settlements units within the residential districts lay on mountainous slopes. The highest waste producing districts is Qoz Al-Nakkasa (44 %) followed by Al-Ma’abdah (28 %) and Ajyad ( 19 % ), and least are Al-Hamra and Al-Naseem (4 % each). The study proved a positive relationship between the weight of the solid waste production and the number of population, and between it and the head of the family income. The most important recommendations of the present study are : - The necessity of setting a comprehensive clear information strategy in which the awareness of environmental remediation becomes an essential part of the responsibility of the governmental and the related establishments. - Establishment of institutes for graduating environmental engineers. - Redistribution of solid waste containers according to the types of settlements. - Educating people to sort disposed waste


Page publiée le 4 décembre 2014, mise à jour le 3 novembre 2017