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sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

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Lunds Universitet (1995)

Design for desert : An architect’s approach to passive climatisation in hot and arid regions

Rosenlund, Hans

Titre : Design for desert : An architect’s approach to passive climatisation in hot and arid regions

Auteur : Rosenlund, Hans

Université de soutenance : Lunds Universitet (Sweden)

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1995

Résumé
Buildings provide shelter and protection from the physical environment. A building with a poor indoor climate, common in many developing countries, subjects its occupants to health risks. An increased use of mechanical heating and cooling devices to improve thermal comfort leads to consumption of energy and thus to adverse effects on the environment. An architect’s approach, focusing on the building as a system interacting with its environment, its components and its inhabitants, shapes the method proposed to acquire knowledge about the thermal performance of buildings. Its three ’cornerstones’ are : (1) Field measurements as an inventory of indoor climate in existing buildings. (2) Parametric modelling through computer simulations. (3) Experimental building for verification and dissemination of results. The study shows that current technology makes it possible to design and build appropriate, energy-efficient buildings with an acceptable indoor climate. It analyses the principles of passive climatisation in a desert climate where all seasons are included, and proposes ways to use this knowledge : in building design, in formulating modern norms and regulations, and in disseminating the findings through demonstration projects. Much of the housing construction in developing countries occurs outside the legal framework of norms and regulations. The contradictions in modernisation, that also raise the possibilities of change, are most clear in the ’grey zones’ between active and passive climatisation, traditional and modern forms, and formal and informal sectors. The issue is not to set modern against traditional, but how to use modern technology to meet changing needs. Ideas are limited only by the imagination, but for new concepts to be accepted, they must be consistent with local practices, economy and tradition.

Annonce (Worldcat)

Page publiée le 30 décembre 2014, mise à jour le 11 mars 2019