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Wageningen University (2014)

How community practitioners adapt to climate change : integrating climate information in adaptation practices : case studies from Kenya

Lumosi, C.K.

Titre : How community practitioners adapt to climate change : integrating climate information in adaptation practices : case studies from Kenya

Auteur : Lumosi, C.K.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2014

Descriptif
Climate change impacts in Kenya are getting worse every year. Each year the frequency and intensity of climatic events has increased and gotten worse. More events such as droughts and floods has resulted in loss of livelihood and sources of income for many community groups in Kenya. To cope with these extreme events, communities are adapting their livelihoods to the impacts of climate change. Climate change adaptation therefore supports communities to adapt to impacts of climate change by understanding the past climatic condition and how these conditions may change in future. Often this involves applying climate information through climate scenarios, early warning systems, indigenous and local climate knowledge or historical climatic data. To integrate climate information into adaptation practices requires understanding of climate information, understanding the social context in which adaptation practices occur and how climate information is performed in adaptation practices. This study therefore incorporates practice theory to further understand the elements that constitute adaptation practices in Kenya and the social context in which adaptation practices are situated. Practice theory was also applied to get an understanding of how climate information is performed in adaptation practices in Kenya. This was done by studying three local NGOs in Kenya through a case study approach that incorporated participatory observation, in-depth interviews, and literature reviews. To support these findings, twelve local organizations were selected using purposive and snow-ball techniques, and in-depth interviews were conducted. The concepts material, meaning, competence, performance and situated agency were applied in this study. The results reveal that climate change adaptation practices are situated in practice. Further, findings also suggested that climate information is performed in adaptation practices within given social settings. This study therefore argues that integration of climate information in adaptation practices should be situated in practice.

Mots clés : climate adaptation / climatic change / rural communities / information / kenya

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Page publiée le 29 mars 2015, mise à jour le 16 octobre 2018