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Wageningen University (2011)

Production and market risks : ex-ante response mechanisms and income smoothening in the Central Rift Valley, Ethiopia

Tefera, Y.D.

Titre : Production and market risks : ex-ante response mechanisms and income smoothening in the Central Rift Valley, Ethiopia

Auteur : Tefera, Y.D.

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2011

Résumé
Agricultural production involves huge uncertainty and risks. Production and market risks are important in the context of the Ethiopian Central Rift Valley. The region is characterized by the challenges of drought and food shortages. The aim of the research is to examine the determinants of the practices of ex-ante response methods by farmers against the major risks. A household survey was conducted and a sample of about 232 households were interviewed after stratification of users and non- users of irrigation. Farmers are categorized into similar groups based on their responses towards risks. It is found out that access to irrigation influences in a way that the farmers own limited strategies. Education level of the farmers is the determinant factor for the implementation of the different risk responses. Experience in farming activity is found to have a moderate impact. Offseason diversification and participation in supplying of vegetable produce is influenced by the age of the farmer, distance from markets and distance from irrigation. Educated farmers supply a sizable quantity of vegetable to the market. The results indicate that there is need of provision of supplemental irrigation and alternatives for the farmers in the area. The importance of training in risk management and reducing market inefficiencies is highlighted. Due to the complex nature of the challenge in the area an integrated approach is required to deal with vulnerability. It is important to design agricultural and rural development policies towards the management of risks and the resources in the long term plans.

Mots clés : development economics / risk behaviour / risk reduction / decision making / market prices / household income / ethiopia / irrigation / vegetable growing

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Page publiée le 27 mars 2015, mise à jour le 19 octobre 2018